Monday

21st May 2018

Schulz fights for 'United States of Europe' by 2025

  • Schulz now argues for a 'Grand Coalition' in Berlin after originally declaring he would take the badly-defeated SPD into opposition (Photo: Tim Reckmann)

Martin Schulz, the leader of Germany's Social Democrats (SPD) urged his fellow members on Thursday (7 December) to enter into coalition talks with chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives to form a grand coalition.

Schulz, the former president of the European Parliament, urged his party to push for the creation of a "United States of Europe" by 2025.

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The SPD party congress on Thursday will decide whether the Social Democrats will join forces with Merkel once again, despite fears that the party would not be able to revive itself in the embrace of the Christian Democrats.

After a bruising election in September, Schulz said his party should go into opposition. "We lost not just 1.7 million votes this time, but 10 million since 1998 - half our voters," he said then.

The approximately 600 SPD delegates are reluctant. The party's youth wing said the SPD had a "historic responsibility" not to enter government, because it would make far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, which came third at the elections, the official opposition.

On the other hand Schulz has some personal popularity, and many also see an opportunity to push forward with a social agenda in Europe with Emmanuel Macron at the helm of France.

"Europe does not always work for its people, rather too often for the big companies," Schulz said.

But if the SPD members do not back the coalition idea, Schulz's leadership will come into question.

The Social Democrats are Merkel's best hope for building a government in her fourth term in office, after discussions with the Greens and the liberal Free Democrats failed.

"The question isn't grand coalition or no grand coalition. Nor minority government or fresh elections. No – it's about how we exercise our responsibility, including to the next generation, Schulz was quoted by Reuters.

United Europe

Schulz also called for deeper European integration that could result in a "United States of Europe" by 2025.

"I want a European constitutional treaty that creates a federal Europe," he said.

He said the treaty would be presented to EU member states for ratification, and those that reject it automatically should leave the bloc.

Schulz argued that only a reinforced EU could act as a bulwark to right-wing nationalists, who have made gains in Germany, Austria, Denmark, Finland, France and the Netherlands recently.

He said that with SPD in the coalition, Germany's European policy would be less focused on austerity, and argued that the eurozone should have more investment, a common finance minister and budget.

Analysis

EU 'cannot afford' lengthy German deadlock

Angela Merkel's failure to form a coalition government has raised concerns in Europe that the EU's most powerful country will send the block into paralysis.

SPD wants EU at heart of German coalition talks

Germany's three mainstream parties have begun their discussions for a new grand coalition, more than three months after the September election which saw them all lose seats.

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Netanyahu, Panama Papers, and Brexit This WEEK

The run-up to the Christmas break sees a packed schedule, including the EU summit on Brexit, migration and other issues, a rare visit by Israeli PM Netanyahu, and issues such as fishing quotas and the Panama Papers.

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Linking EU funds to 'rule of law' is innovative - but vague

Defining what constitutes 'rule of law' violations may be more difficult than the EU Commission proposes, as it tries to link cohesion funds in east Europe to judicial independence. A key question will be who is to 'judge' those judges?

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Europe's budget stasis

The EU's budgetary muddling through might not be enough when the next crisis hits.

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