Thursday

2nd Apr 2020

Syria: dozens more dead, US and France divided

Syrian President Bashir al-Assad's forces killed at least 20 more protesters over the weekend. But the US gave him credit for reforms and ruled out intervention, in contrast to hawkish French rhetoric.

Pro-Assad militias used sniper rifles, machine guns and swords against protesters in the northern town of Latakia on Saturday (26 March) killing at least 12 people and injuring over 150.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Support quality EU news

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or join as a group

  • US flag: Washington sees Syria as a potential ally in keeping a check on Iranian influence in Lebanon (Photo: Wikipedia)

The violence came after clashes in the southern town of Sanamin and in the capital Damascus on Friday in which at least 10 lost their lives. Syrian officials put the death toll at around 30 since 18 March. But Amnesty International says the number is closer to 55, while Syrian activists say it is well over 100.

Al-Assad has freed prisoners, promised to lift the country's long-standing emergency law and to change the constitution to appease demonstrators.

But some EU diplomats stationed in Damascus fear he is capable of extreme violence if things go badly, citing the example of his father, who massacred over 20,000 people in the town of Hama in 1982.

Speaking on the CBS talk show Face the Nation on Sunday, US secretary of state Hilary Clinton condemned the violence but appeared to give al-Assad a blank cheque in terms of outside intervention.

When asked by the show's host, Bob Schieffer, if the US would consider a Libya-type operation in Syria if things get worse, she said "No. Each of these situations is unique, Bob ... if there were a coalition of the international community, if there were the passage of a [UN] Security Council resolution, if there were a call by the Arab League, if there was a condemnation that was universal - but that is not going to happen."

She added: "There's a different leader in Syria now. Many of the members of Congress of both parties who have gone to Syria in recent months have said they believe he's a reformer."

The Latakia killings ignored the third appeal in almost as many days by EU foreign relations chief Catherine Ashton.

In her strongest statement to date, Ashton earlier on Saturday had said: "I am appalled and extremely concerned by the situation ... I strongly condemn the brutal repression, including the totally unacceptable use of violence and live ammunition, which must cease now."

France and the UK have not yet reacted to Latakia. But the Clinton rhetoric stands in contrast to remarks by French President Nicolas Sarkozy in Brussels on Thursday.

Referring specifically to Syria and Libya, Sarkozy at the time said: "Every ruler should understand, and especially every Arab ruler should understand that the reaction of the international community and of Europe will from this moment on each time be the same."

"No democracy can accept that the army shoots live ammunition at protesters."

Commentators have accused the US and the EU of double standards in launching anti-Gaddafi air strikes while turning a blind eye to killings in strategic countries such as Bahrain, Yemen and Syria, which is seen as a buffer to Iranian influence in Lebanon.

In a swipe at Clinton on Sunday, Ken Roth, the head of US NGO Human Rights Watch, tweeted: "Clinton: won't intervene in Syria because Assad is seen as 'reformer.' Should begin by reforming open-fire orders."

In Libya, coalition bombers over the weekend hit Gaddafi targets in Sirte. Rebel forces on Monday began to move on Tripoli, amid reports that Gaddafi is getting ready to flee to Chad.

Speaking on the same CBS show on Sunday, US defence chief Robert Gates said the military objective is to protect civilians and not to unseat Gaddafi.

"If we've learned anything over the past number of years, regime change is very complicated and can be very expensive and can take a long time," he said. When asked if Gaddafi's days are numbered, he quipped: "I wouldn't be hanging any new pictures if I were him."

Correction: this story was amended at 10.30 local time on 28 March after breaking news that Libyan rebels had not ousted Gaddafi forces from Sirte, as previously reported

In Saudi Arabia, contacting the EU is a crime

Women's rights activist Loujain al-Hathloul is facing trial. One of the allegations is contacting the EU delegation. Despite pressure from Brussels, Saudi Arabia remains unimpressed.

EU declares Africa 'most important' global partner

The European Commission has a new strategy for Africa. The proposal, whose details have yet to be worked out, spans broad issues like climate, energy, digital transformation, jobs, peace, governance, and migration.

Opinion

Trump's 'plan' for Israel will go against EU values

As someone who has been personally targeted by Benjamin Netanyahu's incitement against Arabs and Palestinians, Christians, Muslims and Druze, I still believe that peace is possible. But Donald Trump's 'plan' will be a gift to Netanyahu's campaign.

China spy suspect worked for EU for 30 years

The former EU ambassador suspected by German prosecutors of spying for China was Gerhard Sabathil, according to EU officials speaking on condition of anonymity.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. UNESDAMaking Europe’s Economy Circular – the time is now
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersScottish parliament seeks closer collaboration with the Nordic Council
  3. UNESDAFrom Linear to Circular – check out UNESDA's new blog
  4. Nordic Council of Ministers40 years of experience have proven its point: Sustainable financing actually works
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic and Baltic ministers paving the way for 5G in the region
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersEarmarked paternity leave – an effective way to change norms

Latest News

  1. Court: Three countries broke EU law on migrant relocation
  2. Journalism hit hard by corona crisis
  3. EU fighting shortages and faulty medical supplies
  4. New EU navy operation to keep migrant details secret
  5. MEP: Constituents are our window into this tragedy
  6. Without European patriotism, EU decline is inevitable
  7. EU cancels April Fool's 'fake news'
  8. A coronavirus 'Marshall Plan' alone won't be nearly enough

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us