Monday

30th Jan 2023

Turkey may rethink Nabucco if EU talks stall

  • Mr Erdogan (l) expects "a leap" in Turkey's EU accession process this year (Photo: European Commission)

Turkey may reconsider its support for the EU-backed Nabucco pipeline - intended to transport gas from the Caspian Sea basin to Europe, bypassing Russia and Ukraine - if there is no progress on the energy chapter of its EU accession talks, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Monday (19 January).

"If we are faced with a situation where the energy chapter is blocked, we would of course review our position [on Nabucco]," he said at a conference organised by the Brussels-based European Policy Centre think-tank.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

"The other side [the EU] ought to be fair in its treatment," he added.

According to Mr Erdogan, EU member Cyprus "is putting pressure" on the other 26 member states "so that some chapters are not opened, such as energy."

A Czech EU presidency official told EUobserver that there was still "no unanimity" among member states on this "complex chapter," but added that the presidency is working in order to obtain consensus.

The European Commission considers the energy chapter ready for opening and says it is up to member states to give the green light.

Eight other chapters of Turkey's EU accession package have been officially blocked since 2006 as a result of Ankara's refusal to open its ports to Cypriot ships, despite signing a protocol in 2005 to extend its customs union with the EU to the 10 states that joined the bloc in 2004.

Turkey does not recognise the Greek Cypriot government in the southern part of the divided island, while at the same time being the only country to recognise its northern Turkish Cypriot section.

Ankara says that due to this "political issue," Cyprus is also blocking the opening of other negotiating chapters.

Energy - a means to woo EU public

Speaking at a joint press conference with Mr Erdogan later on the same day, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said: "We agreed on the need for this [Nabucco] pipeline and we should solve quickly the outstanding problems."

The Nabucco plan proposes a 3,400-km pipeline from Turkey's eastern border to Austria that would transport up to 31 billion cubic metres of gas per year from Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Iran. It is seen by the EU as a key tool to diversify gas supplies in the wake of the current Russia-Ukraine gas crisis.

"We should see our energy relations not only in the framework of the accession negotiations," Mr Barroso added, calling energy supply a "critically important" issue.

The commission president said that energy security was an area where Turkey "could make the case in [EU] public opinion," which remains mostly sceptical towards Ankara's EU future.

"This is one of the cases where we can show to the European Union public opinion how important Turkey is for the EU ...Turkey should not be seen as a burden, but as an asset," Mr Barroso said.

For his part, Mr Erdogan softened his earlier speech saying: "We give full support [to Nabucco] all the time," but once again called for "political obstacles" to be removed and accession talks to be sped up.

'A leap' expected in 2009

Despite the slow pace of negotiations, Mr Erdogan stressed EU integration remained a "top priority" for his country and expressed hopes this year would bring positive developments in the process.

"I hope there will be a leap in 2009," Turkey's premier said.

"There has been a lot of negativity coming out of Europe about Turkish membership and this has affected levels of public support in the country," which fell from 75 percent in 2004 to 40-50 percent at present, he warned.

Turkey opened EU accession negotiations in 2005. It has so far opened ten of its 35-chapter accession package, with just one successfully closed.

Turkish PM to visit Brussels to resuscitate membership bid

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan is heading to Brussels this weekend aiming to resuscitate the country's bid for membership of the European Union. Ankara is keen to show it is serious about speeding up reforms and prove its commitment to the accession process.

Turkey wants clear European position on Nabucco

Turkey on Wednesday said its support for EU-backed Nabucco pipeline was unconditional, despite earlier statements linking the project's progress with its EU membership talks, and said it was divisions within the 27 EU states that are slowing the project's progress.

Opinion

Greece's spy scandal must shake us out of complacency

The director of Amnesty International Greece on the political spying scandal that now threatens to bring down prime minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis. Activists and NGO staff work with the constant fear that they are being spied on.

Latest News

  1. Pressure mounts on EU to coordinate visas for Russian rights-defenders
  2. Dutch set to agree to US-led chip controls to China
  3. No record of Latvian MEP's 'official' Azerbaijan trip
  4. Why the new ECHR Ukraine-Russia ruling matters
  5. Europe continues to finance Russia's war in Ukraine with lucrative fossil fuel trades
  6. Official: EU parliament's weak internal rule-making body leads to 'culture of impunity'
  7. Red tape border logjam for EU's 1.3m 'frontier workers'
  8. Greece's spy scandal must shake us out of complacency

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. European Parliamentary Forum for Sexual & Reproductive Rights (EPF)Launch of the EPF Contraception Policy Atlas Europe 2023. 8th February. Register now.
  2. Europan Patent OfficeHydrogen patents for a clean energy future: A global trend analysis of innovation along hydrogen value chains
  3. Forum EuropeConnecting the World from the Skies calls for global cooperation in NTN rollout
  4. EFBWWCouncil issues disappointing position ignoring the threats posed by asbestos
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersLarge Nordic youth delegation at COP15 biodiversity summit in Montreal
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersCOP27: Food systems transformation for climate action

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersThe Nordic Region and the African Union urge the COP27 to talk about gender equality
  2. Friedrich Naumann Foundation European DialogueGender x Geopolitics: Shaping an Inclusive Foreign Security Policy for Europe
  3. Obama FoundationThe Obama Foundation Opens Applications for its Leaders Program in Europe
  4. EFBWW – EFBH – FETBBA lot more needs to be done to better protect construction workers from asbestos
  5. European Committee of the RegionsRe-Watch EURegions Week 2022
  6. UNESDA - Soft Drinks EuropeCall for EU action – SMEs in the beverage industry call for fairer access to recycled material

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us