Tuesday

27th Feb 2024

Latest jailing puts Belarus oligarchs in EU crosshairs

The jailing for four and a half years of well-known human rights campaigner Ales Bilalitski in Belarus has prompted EU diplomats to get more creative in the way they handle President Aleksander Lukashenko.

The EU visa ban and asset freeze list - already numbering 245 people - is in the short term likely to be expanded to include judges and prosecutors involved in the Bilalitski trial.

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  • Lotto baron Peftiev is testing the limits of existing criteria in court (Photo: superloto.by)

But with the current approach doing little to change Lukashenko's behaviour, some member states want to widen sanctions criteria to include people who feed the regime money as well as those directly involved in repression or election rigging.

"There will be a discussion on this because the current criteria are too narrow. This case [Bilalitski] shows there is a need for something new," an EU diplomat told EUobserver. "With Lukashenko's best friend in the EU out of the picture, we might have a better chance than in the past," he added, referring to former Italian leader Silvio Berlusconi who fell from power last week.

Italy used to routinely water down EU sanctions against Belarus.

Another EU diplomat said Lukashenko's top financial sponsors are well known: Yury Chizh (health spas, retail); Vladimir Peftiev (arms, lotto, telecoms); Aleksander Moshensky (milk, seafood); Alexander Shakutin (construction); and Paul Topuzidis (retail, tobacco).

The EU imposed a visa ban and asset freeze on Peftiev in summer. But he highlighted the limits of existing criteria by lodging four appeals in August at the EU court in Luxembourg - one in his name, and one each in the names of his three companies.

The verdict is unlikley to come before 2013 and if he wins, he will get little more than a moral victory.

A court spokesman told this website nobody has ever won a financial damages claim against the EU because they were put wrongly on a blacklist. Damages are only awarded for serious violations of EU law. But the court has in the past said it is forgiveable if the EU gets a name wrong in an opaque regime.

Meanwhile, how much pressure the oligarchs can apply to Lukashenko if future EU sanctions hurt their business remains an open question.

Some opposition activists believe they could orchestrate his downfall.

But others say only Moscow poses a threat to the 57-year-old billionaire. "It is not correct to call them oligarchs. Oligarchs by defintion have power. They have no power at all, they have businesses and are totally dependent on Lukashenko," independent Belarusian journalist Andrej Dynko said.

Hockey-loving EU states oppose Belarus championship ban

The EU is to impose a travel ban and asset freeze on another 15-or-so Belarusian officials. But harsher measures, such as economic sanctions or blocking the 2014 hockey finals in Minsk, are not on the table for now.

Lukashenko's 'private banker' to face EU ban

A tycoon identified as Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko's personal bag man is likely to see three of his companies frozen out of doing business in the EU.

Lukashenko hurls vulgarities at Barroso

Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko has called European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso a "bastard" after being snubbed over a Chernobyl event in Ukraine.

Slovenia shields Belarus oligarch from EU blacklist

Belarus oligarch Yuri Chizh could get off the hook after Slovenia stalled the latest round of EU sanctions, prompting concern it is putting petty commercial interests before the welfare of political prisoners.

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For Ukraine's sake, pass the EU due diligence directive

The EU Commission's 2022 CSDDD proposal did not include provisions incorporating "conflict due diligence", they were added, after the Russian invasion, by the European Parliament and Council into the final directive text — for Ukraine's sake, vote for it.

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