Wednesday

20th Jun 2018

EU defence strategy 'outsourced' to arms industry

  • The European Defence Action Plan was "closely modelled on proposals made by the industry" (Photo: europarl.europa.eu)

Europe's defence industry has had a strong influence in the development of the European Union's new defence strategy, according to a report by a Belgian peace organisation published on Tuesday (17 October).

"The European Defence Action Plan was closely modelled on proposals made by the industry," said the report by campaign group Vredesactie (Peace Action).

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  • Europe's "arms industry has had a heavy footprint on the negotiations" (Photo: europarl.europa.eu)

During the preparatory meetings, Europe's "arms industry has had a heavy footprint on the negotiations", it says, while civil society, the academic world, and the European Parliament, were nearly absent.

The European Defence Action Plan, which includes a European Defence Fund which would pump millions of EU taxpayers' euros into the production of weapons, was proposed in November 2016.

At its presentation European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker said more EU cooperation on defence was needed to "guarantee our collective security".

"If Europe does not take care of its own security, nobody else will do it for us. A strong, competitive and innovative defence industrial base is what will give us strategic autonomy," said Juncker.

But in Tuesday's report, Vredesactie said the "initiative for the European strategy has been outsourced to the industry."

"Rather than a reflection of what security means and how to ensure it, the European strategy is dominated by developing and selling new capabilities. Supporting the defence industry has become a goal in itself," it said.

The report is based in part on newly-available information made public thanks to access to documents requests.

For example, the group uncovered minutes of a 2015 meeting of the so-called Group of Personalities, which was a working group set up by the European Commission, that laid the foundation for the European Defence Action Plan.

Goal is 'to overcome resistance'

At the meeting, an EU commission civil servant said that the goal of the group's report was to "overcome resistance towards a defence research programme".

Membership of the Group of Personalities (GoP) was heavily skewed towards the defence industry.

"There were barely any independent voices represented in the GoP, let alone any critical voices such as peace groups or human rights organisations," the report said.

It added that the only member of the European Parliament that participated, centre-right German Michael Gahler, "is known for his pro-military views" and a board member a defence lobby organisation.

The process is reminiscent of a 2005 working group that dealt with the future of the automotive industry, CARS21, which also had a strong over-representation of car industry supporters.

The report also noted how a defence industry lobby group in 2016 managed to convince then Dutch defence minister, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, to "support" their concerns on intellectual property rights of projects funded under the EU programmes.

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The Commission has offered to put aside €1.5 billion a year for joint defence spending in what could be the first step toward the creation of an EU army.

EU mulls joint defence spending

The EU budget should be used for military research and the bloc could become a defence alliance akin to Nato, the European Commission is poised to say.

MEPs may bar killer drones from EU research cash

EU defence fund is expected to hand out €500m to companies across the EU if they work together on 'defence products'. Under the current proposal, the development of weapons of mass destruction would not be excluded.

Opinion

Europe could lose out in North Korean bonanza

South Korean businesses including Hyundai and Samsung are already scoping investment opportunities. Will North Korea become a 'new Vietnam' opportunity - or more like Myanmar, where slow Brussels policy-making meant EU exporters lost out.

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