5th Dec 2023

Six days for Greece to secure bail-out

  • No money without implementation, says Juncker (Photo: YoungJ523)

Eurozone finance ministers have given Greece six days to cough up another €325 million in spending cuts, pass the austerity program through parliament and give "strong" political guarantees it will stick after elections.

"Despite considerable progress in the last days, not all elements were on the table for us to agree today," eurogroup chief Jean-Claude Juncker said during a press conference at the end of the meeting in Brussels on Thursday (9 February).

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

Several things need to happen for Athens for it to get the €130 billion rescue package and for private investors to write off a big chunk of its debt next Wednesday, he added: Greek MPs must pass the laws that implement the latest cuts and the €325 million funding gap must be "rapidly covered in order to ensure the deficit target is achieved."

EUobserver understands the gap still refers to supplementary pensions - Greek political parties were unable to agree on further cuts in this area earlier in the week.

The parties on Thursday morning agreed an extra €300 million cut for 2012. But could not pin down the final €325 million for 2013.

Juncker also noted that: "Strong political assurances from parties are needed for the smooth implementation of the programme after the upcoming general elections [in April] ... There will be no disbursement before implementation. We cannot go on with a system where promises are made and repeated and implementation measures are too weak."

The first EU bail-out, in 2010, saw reforms delayed for weeks as political promises evaporated.

Dutch minister Jan Kees also lectured Athens: "Greece still has homework to do, we are not there yet. That's why we gave them time until Wednesday, and the €325 million are part of the homework."

In addition, the EU will step up its presence in Athens to "monitor" the government.

EU economics commissioner Olli Rehn said ministers endorsed this move which is "in line" with laws on strengthened economic governance of the eurozone. He noted that this does not mean a commissioner to rule over Greece - as Germany had more-or-less suggested - but more experts in the EU commission's "task force" which will give advice and keep a close eye on privatisations, tax collection and spending of EU funds.

He added that ministers are giving "serious" consideration to the Franco-German idea of an escrow account for Greece because it could "ensure the implementation of the programme." Under the plan, the Greek government would not have access to the money, which would ensure part of the bail-out goes to pay back the lenders.

Meanwhile, Rehn's staff is preparing a new study on how large Greece's funding gap is compared to last October when the €130bn bail-out was agreed. Inofficial estimates currently speak of €15 extra billion that will have to be covered either by EU governments or private investors taking a higher haircut.

Another option for helping Greece - for the European Central Bank to give up its profits on €50 billion worth of Greek bonds - was not discussed on Thursday, EU sources said. But ECB chief Mario Draghi earlier that day signalled this may be done.

For his part, Greek finance minister Evangelos Venizelos said the ball is now in the court of the Greek political parties who have a "historic responsibility" to keep the country in the euro.

"If we see the future of our country within the euro zone, within Europe, we should do what we have to do for the programme to be approved and for the PSI to be concluded on time before major bonds expire in March."

With the coalition holding 252 out of 300 seats in parliament, the austerity bill is expected to pass in a vote on Sunday. But activists plan street protests and another strike at the weekend.

Greece announces breakthrough in bail-out talks

The new Greek bail-out began to take shape on Thursday afternoon, when Prime Minister Lucas Papademos got political backing for his austerity plan and the European Central Bank signalled it might help.

EU public procurement reform 'ineffective', find auditors

The EU Commission reformed procurement directives to make bids more attractive (and competitive), but the reform has failed, say auditors. Procedures now take longer, and the number of direct awards and individual tenders has increased over the past decade.


What are the big money debates at COP28 UN climate summit?

The most critical UN climate conference (COP28) ever will run from Thursday to mid-December — with talks on climate commitments and climate finance expected to determine the success of this year's summit.

Latest News

  1. Afghanistan is a 'forever emergency,' says UN head
  2. EU public procurement reform 'ineffective', find auditors
  3. COP28 warned over-relying on carbon capture costs €27 trillion
  4. Optimising Alzheimer's disease health care pathways across Europe
  5. Georgian far-right leader laughs off potential EU sanctions
  6. The EU's U-turn on caged farm animals — explained
  7. EU-China summit and migration files in focus This WEEK
  8. COP28 debates climate finance amid inflated accounting 'mess'

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersArtist Jessie Kleemann at Nordic pavilion during UN climate summit COP28
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersCOP28: Gathering Nordic and global experts to put food and health on the agenda
  3. Friedrich Naumann FoundationPoems of Liberty – Call for Submission “Human Rights in Inhume War”: 250€ honorary fee for selected poems
  4. World BankWorld Bank report: How to create a future where the rewards of technology benefit all levels of society?
  5. Georgia Ministry of Foreign AffairsThis autumn Europalia arts festival is all about GEORGIA!
  6. UNOPSFostering health system resilience in fragile and conflict-affected countries

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. European Citizen's InitiativeThe European Commission launches the ‘ImagineEU’ competition for secondary school students in the EU.
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersThe Nordic Region is stepping up its efforts to reduce food waste
  3. UNOPSUNOPS begins works under EU-funded project to repair schools in Ukraine
  4. Georgia Ministry of Foreign AffairsGeorgia effectively prevents sanctions evasion against Russia – confirm EU, UK, USA
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersGlobal interest in the new Nordic Nutrition Recommendations – here are the speakers for the launch
  6. Nordic Council of Ministers20 June: Launch of the new Nordic Nutrition Recommendations

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us