Monday

26th Feb 2018

EU ministers want more migrant deportations

  • Rejected asylum seekers may be detained 'as a legitimate measure of last resort' (Photo: Frontex)

More money and more people will be sent to help reinforce the EU’s external border as ministers in Luxembourg vow to send unwanted migrants packing.

The plan is part of a broader EU migration policy that involves making sure African and Middle Eastern states readmit their own nationals.

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“Those who do not require international protection, must return to their country of origin”, said Luxembourg foreign minister Jean Asselborn on Thursday (8 October).

Asselborn said sending people back and getting states to implement or sign up to readmission agreements is “very much a part of all the instruments we have at our disposal to fight against illegal immigration”.

The ministerial conclusions are based on a European commission ‘agenda on migration’ published late September.

It says member states can use "detention as a legitimate measure of last resort" on rejected asylum seekers. It also says member states should reinforce "their pre-removal detention capacity".

The plan includes injecting the EU’s border agency Frontex and the EU’s European asylum support office, EASO, with more money and staff.

Additional staff

Both agencies last week announced they wanted hundreds of additional experts to help screen and identify asylum seekers arriving in Greece and Italy.

Ministers proposed 670 additional staff divided between the two agencies to help coordinate relocation and return efforts at so-called hotspots. Most will go to Frontex.

“Frontex should be allocated adequate resources to enable it to scale up substantially its support on return”, noted the conclusions.

The agency currently coordinates joint-return flights with member states. The plan is to set up a return office within Frontex “to facilitate, organise and fund return operations”.

Around 10 joint-return flights have been organised so far this month.

“This is good, yes, but not enough”, said EU commissioner for migration Dimitris Avramopoulos.

So-called ‘Frontex rapid return intervention teams’ are also in the works.

The Frontex teams are set to “offer support on identification, consular cooperation with third-countries” and to organise return operations for member states.

Ministers also want to send European migration liaison officers to Egypt, Morocco, Lebanon, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Pakistan, Serbia, Ethiopia, Tunisia, Sudan, Turkey, and Jordan.

The officers “will explore the synergies of the EU diplomacy on the ground” on how to get the countries to cooperate.

Relocation starts Friday

Meanwhile, the EU relocation scheme to distribute some 160,000 asylum seekers from Italy and Greece to other member states starts on Friday (9 October).

A group of Eritreans are being sent to Sweden by a small plane from Rome's Ciampino airport.

Italy’s interior minister Angelino Alfano on Thursday described the first relocation as a “symbol of the defeat of all those who believed the EU would not move forward”.

Greece, for its part, will start distributing asylum seekers in one to two weeks, said Avramopoulos.

Greek hotspots would be ready “in 10 days time”, he said.

Member states had in September pledged to get the hotspots up and running by the end of November.

But not everyone is convinced the hotspot scheme is enough.

Austrian chancellor Werner Faymann told Austrian ORF radio that “central coordination, significantly more means, significantly more staff” is needed to get them running properly by the end of year.

Some 200,000 migrants transited Austria last month, with many heading to Germany. Around 164,000 asylum seekers arrived in Germany in September. Altogether, Germany says 577,000 people seeking asylum arrived in the country since the start of the year.

Avramopoulos, along with Asselborn, are leaving for Italy late Thursday evening. The two will go to Rome and then to Lampedusa. Avramopoulos will also go to Athens.

The commissioner then heads to Pakistan at the end of the month to try to get a readmission agreement with Islamabad.

Balkans migrant route in EU spotlight

Western Balkan countries are working together to ease tensions caused by the influx of migrants arriving via Turkey, fleeing war and persecution.

Agenda

EU summit on migrants and Syria This WEEK

EU leaders will meet on 15 and 16 October to continue talks on how to tackle the refugees crisis. The situation in Syria, where Russia is intervening, will be the new emergency issue.

Libya return demand triggers reintegration headaches

The UN migration agency (IOM) had planned to help return and reintegrate 5,000 people from Libya to their home countries, but ended up aiding 20,000 in 2017. The extra demand has piled on the pressure.

Frontex naval operation to look for 'foreign fighters'

The EU border and coast guard agency, or Frontex, has launched a new naval operation called Themis. The operation replaces its surveillance Triton mission but with a bigger emphasis on security and intelligence gathering.

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