Tuesday

16th Aug 2022

Opinion

Europe awakens to Palestinian realities

  • Jordan Valley in spring. French MPs dubbed Israel's exploitation of Palestinian water resources a 'new apartheid' (Photo: Jamie Lynn Ross)

The figures say it all. 1,200 Jewish settlers occupied outposts in the West Bank in 1972; in 2012 over 300,000 live in fortress-like settlements on hilltops overlooking the Jordan Valley – excluding the illegal settlements and gradual annexation of East Jerusalem.

This exponential growth of Jewish settlements takes place mostly in Area C of the West Bank. There are now twice as many illegal Jews settlers in Area C as there are Palestinians, who have diminished in numbers due to lack of access to water, building permits and the occupation.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

Area C comprises 62 percent of the West Bank and is under full Israeli security control, as stipulated in the Oslo Accords, signed between the Palestinians and Israel in 1993 and ratified in 1995 to include further Israeli security measures around Jericho and in the Jordan Valley.

Why former PLO [Palestine Liberation Organisation] chairman Arafat signed away what remained of Palestine at Oslo is another painful question altogether for the Palestinians, but the evidence nearly 20 years later is irrefutable: Israel is carrying out a systematic - and not so subtle - colonisation of Palestine.

Everyone knows this now. It is no secret to any visitor and Europeans are well-placed to see and experience the nitty-gritty details of the Israeli neo-colonial machine. For those who still believe in a peace settlement, their voices are becoming increasingly critical and unspoken.

This was exemplified in the recent report by the EU Heads of Mission (HoMs) on Area C and Palestinian state-building, leaked in Brussels early this month, but published in July 2011.

Not since the UN Special Envoy for the Middle East Peace Process, Alvaro de Soto's "end of mission report" in May 2007 has there been such explosive material to condemn the illegal Israeli military occupation and militarised Jewish colonisation of Palestinian territory.

Again, the numbers say it all: when the Israeli occupation began in 1967, there were about 250,000 Palestinians in the Jordan Valley, most of which is in Area C, while now there are a little over 50,000. Palestinian construction is prohibited in around 70 percent of Area C according to the Israeli Civil Administration.

Then there are the Israeli-designated "nature reserves" which occupy about 10 percent of the West Bank. Half of this 10 percent for the preservation of wildlife and animals overlaps rather inconspicuously with "closed military training zones."

If the trend is not clear by now, here is another basic statistic: a total of 45 cisterns and rainwater structures in Area C of the West Bank have been demolished by the Israeli authorities since 2010, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Why would Israel intentionally destroy Palestinian cisterns? France figured that one out. In an official entitled The Geopolitics of Water and published in December 2011 the French Parliament calls Israel's exploitation of Palestinian water resources a "new apartheid."

What is more revealing still: the 450,000 illegal Jewish settlers on Palestinian land use more water than the 2.3 million Palestinians in the West Bank. Anyone who has seen the sprinkling system of the green-gardened hill-top Jewish fortresses will not be surprised.

The Palestinians have no access to the Jordan River. This severely depleted river is exploited by Israel (60 percent) and by neighbouring Arab countries (40 percent) according to the French report. But given the sickly status of the river the percentages hardly seem to matter.

So we have new statistics and new statements and we have EU foreign relations chief Catherine Ashton cheerleading the peace process on a visit to Israel this week.

But the solution for peace between Israelis and Palestinians continues to stagnate. The peace process has been on pause for decades, but now the perception of who is to blame and what their real intentions are is changing.

This shift in perception is important. Europe is using more megaphone diplomacy and may - one hopes - be moving away from its traditional constructive ambiguity. Nowhere is this more poignant than in the recent reports drafted by France and the EU.

There is a tremendous opportunity perceived by more and more European politicians now for better and more constructive relations with a rapidly changing Arab world. This opportunity is based on the promotion of economic co-operation, popular representation and social diversity – much like the European project.

The geographic proximity of Europe and the Arab world is undeniable, particularly in the Mediterranean. While Israel occupies Palestine, Europe is slowly awakening to new realities and the great potential for trade, tourism and technology.

In dire financial straits, Europe needs to recover economically by building stronger ties with its neighbours. The best path to improving relations with the Arab world at large is to endorse the long overdue Palestinian right to self-determination.

Stuart Reigeluth and Dimitris Bouris work for the Council for European Palestinian Relations (CEPR) in Brussels and London

Disclaimer

The views expressed in this opinion piece are the author's, not those of EUobserver.

Israel needs outside 'interference'

It is imperative the EU shows support for Israeli human rights groups under fire from a draft law reminiscent of Apartheid, writes Alon Liel, Israel's former ambassador to South Africa.

EU countries confront Israel on latest land-grab

The four EU countries on the United Nations Security Council have used unusually strong words to criticise Israel's latest expansion of Jewish settlements on Palestinian land.

Column

Global hunger crisis requires more than just the Odessa deal

International donors are playing hide and seek. Instead of stepping up their assistance programmes, richer nations are cutting overseas aid, or reallocating funds from other parts of the world towards the Ukraine crisis.

Exploiting the Ukraine crisis for Big Business

From food policy to climate change, corporate lobbyists are exploiting the Ukraine crisis to try to slash legislation that gets in the way of profit. But this is only making things worse.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic prime ministers: “We will deepen co-operation on defence”
  2. EFBWW – EFBH – FETBBConstruction workers can check wages and working conditions in 36 countries
  3. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic and Canadian ministers join forces to combat harmful content online
  4. European Centre for Press and Media FreedomEuropean Anti-SLAPP Conference 2022
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic ministers write to EU about new food labelling
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersEmerging journalists from the Nordics and Canada report the facts of the climate crisis

Latest News

  1. Germany rejects visa ban for Russian tourists
  2. Iran responds to EU's 'final text' on nuclear deal
  3. Model minority myths
  4. EU must make public who really owns its fishing fleets
  5. Germany needs to cut gas use by 20% to stave off winter crisis
  6. Europe's wildfire destruction set to hit new record
  7. How Putin and Erdoğan are making the West irrelevant
  8. Defying Russian bombs, Ukraine football starts 2022 season

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us