Thursday

22nd Oct 2020

Opinion

Why no EU progress on Black Lives Matter?

  • The European Commission's Anti-racism Action Plan, published last week, is right to call for more training of police officers - but its underlying conception of the problems of policing in Europe is too narrow (Photo: EUobserver)

In June, in response to the murder of George Floyd by police in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the European Parliament passed a resolution denouncing police brutality in the US, acknowledging the mass protests in response, and calling for European action against structural racism.

Yet, months later, for many EU decisionmakers the problems of racism in policing and criminal legal systems - the issues that sparked the George Floyd protests - are still 'over there', across the Atlantic.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

But, if the EU takes seriously its call, as commissioner Helena Dalli said, to combat racism at "all levels of governance", it must commit to ending structural discrimination in Europe's systems of punishment.

The parliament's committee on civil liberties, justice and home affairs (LIBE) and subcommittee on human rights (DROI) this week held a joint hearing with members of the US Congress on "parliamentary coordination to combat racism and systemic discrimination."

The European parliamentarians heard testimony about racism in policing and criminal justice systems in the US.

Kristin Clark, the head of the Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under the Law spoke in detail about police brutality and widespread support in the US for the demands of the Movement for Black Lives; her messages were echoed by the other American lawmakers and civil rights advocates.

Not a single European speaker committed to ending racism in policing and criminal justice, the issues that had originally prompted the European Parliament to call for a comprehensive plan to end structural racism in Europe.

European lawmakers acknowledged that the protests in response to the murder of George Floyd had spread to Europe. Parliamentarians commented on Europe's Black Lives Matter protests with platitudes about protestors' democratic rights to freedom of speech and assembly.

Others spoke broadly about commitments to democratic values and ending racism in Europe. There was little dialogue, however, on how the issues raised by Black Lives Matter may be playing out in Europe.

European lawmakers - in both the commission and parliament - are going to have to do much more to meet their commitments to ending racism in the European Union.

As professor Pap Ndiaye of Sciences Po pointed out in the parliament hearing, tens of thousands in his city of Paris were marching in solidarity with people in the US, but also because of their own experiences with police brutality and racism which, until now, have received very little attention.

This week's parliamentary dialogue on racism did not exclude policing and criminal justice issues in Europe because Europe does not have these issues: it just isn't talking about them enough.

The European Commission's Anti-racism Action Plan, published last week, is right to call for more training of police officers and data about law enforcement attitudes towards people of colour but its underlying conception of the problems of policing in Europe is too narrow.

The problem is not just 'bad apple' police officers singling out people of colour (though this and actual racism remain issues: Germany suspended a network of 29 officers last week for spreading rightwing hate speech online).

Policy decisions about where to police and the types of offences to target also reflect, in part, our preconceptions about different groups of people. That is structural racism, and police training cannot solve it.

We know, for example, that European jurisdictions frequently prosecute offences that may have a disproportionate impact on people of colour, who have lower incomes.

Data doesn't lie

Data in Germany shows that in 2018, about 25 percent of cases fined in Germany's criminal justice system were for fare evasion and low-level theft. Both crimes are crimes of poverty, or cases in which the underlying conduct was likely because of someone's inability to afford necessities.

Structural racism persists throughout Europe's criminal justice systems, not just in policing.

People who are racially profiled or are otherwise policed and prosecuted don't simply walk away from these experiences and go home: they face sentences, punishment, and collateral consequences.

And existing studies in Europe confirm that people of colour face disparate impacts within its criminal justice systems.

In one study of 7,500 cases spanning 10 years and in six jurisdictions in France, researchers found that people born outside of the sentencing jurisdiction were more likely to face pretrial detention and prison sentences: 5.2 percent of people sentenced born outside of France are held in pretrial detention, compared with 1.8 percent of people born in France. One in six people from France faced prison sentences, compared to one in four people born outside of France.

Europe must acknowledge and commit to ending the structural racism in its criminal justice systems.

Importantly, this includes recognising that throughout Europe, inequality, poverty, and racial differences are often met with punishment rather than services, support, and other responses.

The EU's efforts to end disparities in criminal justice systems and the overuse of punishment should not be considered in a silo, and the solutions should not always be procedural changes within criminal justice systems (though these are also important).

How should the EU move forward?

The EU has a responsibility to not only engage impacted people and their communities as consultants about these issues, but to change current power structures so that the people most impacted by structural racism lead these efforts. Only then will the next parliament hearing include testimony that moves us in the right direction.

Author bio

Mitali Nagrecha is head of networks at Brussels-based NGO Fair Trials.

Disclaimer

The views expressed in this opinion piece are the author's, not those of EUobserver.

Black MEP: 'I have been a victim of police violence'

MEPs urged an end to structural racism and discrimination in Europe and the US, following the brutal killing of black American George Floyd by US police. Socialists and Green MEPs stressed the need to unblock the anti-discrimination directive.

EU's smallest institution warned on 'threats, blackmail'

An EU institution known as the EESC has been given until the autumn to initiate a series of reforms to protect victims of harassment and whistleblowers, including against threats, blackmail and bribery attempts.

Black MEPs: Why no non-white EU commissioners?

The EU is not an exception. We have both been stopped on several occasions by security personnel in the European Parliament asking us what business we had on the premises. None of our white colleagues have reported such experiences.

All eyes on EU court for decision on religious slaughter

The European Court of Justice is currently facing a major question: can religious freedom coexist with animal welfare? The decision of whether religious slaughter can continue is expected in a matter of weeks.

Backroom deal will make CAP reform a catastrophic failure

MEPs will vote this week on a supposedly historical reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, which accounts for over one-third of the EU's annual budget. But as it stands, it is set to become a historical failure of catastrophic proportions.

News in Brief

  1. Commission to press Croatia on migrant 'abuse' at border
  2. Belarus opposition awarded 2020 Sakharov Prize
  3. Belgium's foreign minister in intensive care for Covid-19
  4. MEPs restrict CAP funding for bullfighting
  5. Coronavirus: Liège is 'the Lombardy of the second wave'
  6. UK to keep out EU nationals with criminal past
  7. Report: EU to restrict travel from Canada, Tunisia, Georgia
  8. Pope Francis supports same-sex civil unions

Europe has forgotten the 'farm' in 'Farm to Fork'

US secretary of agriculture Sonny Perdue argues that the EU is taking an approach "more based on 'political science' than demonstrated agricultural science" in its new Farm to Fork strategy.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. UNESDAMaking healthier diets the easy choice
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersUN Secretary General to meet with Nordic Council on COVID-19
  3. UNESDAWell-designed Deposit Return Schemes can help reach Single-Use Plastics Directive targets
  4. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic Council meets Belarusian opposition leader Svetlana Tichanovskaja
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic Region to invest DKK 250 million in green digitalised business sector
  6. UNESDAReducing packaging waste – a huge opportunity for circularity

Latest News

  1. Nato and EU silent on Turkey, despite Armenia's appeal
  2. EU tells UK to decide on Brexit as deal 'within reach'
  3. EU farming deal attacked by Green groups
  4. France vows tough retaliation for teacher's murder
  5. All eyes on EU court for decision on religious slaughter
  6. 'Big majority' of citizens want EU funds linked to rule of law
  7. EU declares war on Malta and Cyprus passport sales
  8. EU Commission's Libya stance undercut by internal report

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us