Monday

22nd Oct 2018

Greece set for snap elections, far-left tops polls

A third and last attempt to elect a president failed on Monday (29 December) in the Greek parliament, triggering early general elections.

The only presidential candidate, Stavros Dimas, was 12 votes short of the majority required to win. He said he "expected the result" and added that the next few weeks will be crucial for Greece.

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Prime minister Antonis Samaras, whose parliamentary majority proved insufficient to elect Dimas, said the snap elections will be held on 26 January.

"Tomorrow I will visit the president and request ... that elections be held as soon as possible, on 25 January," Samaras said in a televised address after the presidential debacle.

Samaras was heading into a government meeting on Monday afternoon, with the entire cabinet expected to tender its resignation.

Opposition leader Alexis Tsipras, whose far-left, anti-austerity Syriza party is tipped to win the snap elections, said this is "a historical day" for Greece.

"Democracy cannot be blackmailed. Today, the government which for 2.5 years pillaged society, is part of the past. With the will of the people, the austerity memoranda will also become part of the past. The future has started. You should be happy and optimistic," he told reporters outside parliament.

An average of three surveys by polling companies Alco, Kappa Research and Interview says Syriza has backing of 27.5 percent of voters against 24.8 percent for Samaras' New Democracy. Syriza seems to be losing ground, as it was four points head a month ago.

But even if Tsipras wins, he will need to find allies to form a governing coalition. If, as it happened in 2012, each party fails to form a government, new elections are held, again.

The timing is particularly bad as the Greek government in December failed to reach an agreement with international creditors on the terms of an exit from the bailout programme that has been in place since 2010 for a total of €230 billion.

Athens got two extra months to deal with the presidential elections and adopt the extra reforms needed for the so-called troika of lenders to sign off on the last bailout tranche.

But with early elections coming up and Tsipras seeking to erase some of Greece's foreign debt, the prospect of a "clean" exit as Samaras had hoped for have all but vanished.

The Greek stock market tumbled on Monday, with ripple effects on other European markets - particularly the Italian and Spanish ones - while the Greek borrowing costs spiked above 9.5 percent, for the first time since September 2013.

Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi, however, said he excludes any contagion effect from Greece on his country.

The EU commission, after publicly endorsing Dimas (a former EU commissioner), said Monday early elections were a "democratic process" and that "the Greek people will once again decide on their future".

"A strong commitment to Europe and broad support among the Greek voters and political leaders for the necessary growth-friendly reform process will be essential for Greece to thrive again within the euro area," economic affairs commissioner Pierre Moscovici said in a statement.

Finnish prime minister Alexander Stubb tweeted that "the political new year will begin with elections in Greece. Necessary for the new government to continue reforms. Greece is not out of the woods yet."

In a note to investors issued earlier this month, the US investment bank Goldman Sachs warned that "in the event of a severe Greek government clash with international lenders," local banks may be cut off from the European Central Bank's life line and a enter a Cyprus-style "prolonged bank holiday".

"And market fears for potential euro-exit risks could rise at that point," Goldman Sachs wrote.

More disasters

To add insult to injury, Samaras and his outgoing government have to cope with another disaster - an Italian ferry that caught fire off the Greek island of Corfu, with more than 120 people still awaiting rescue on the burning ship and in freezing temperatures.

One person is confirmed dead but according to passengers, more people died after the ship caught fire in yet unclear circumstances.

Passengers described panicking, with the wife of one of the cooks telling press she got a phone call from her husband saying: "I cannot breathe, we are all going to burn like rats - God save us."

Another passenger told Greek TV station Mega: "We are outside, we are very cold, the ship is full of smoke, the boat is still burning, the floors are boiling, underneath the cabins it must be burning since 5 o'clock, the boats that came (to rescue us) are gone, and we are here. They cannot take us."

Most of those on board are Greek. Greek maritime official Nikos Lagadianos told AP that 234 passengers and 34 crew members are from Greece, while others are from Italy, Turkey, Albania, Germany and the UK.

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