24th Mar 2018

Catalonia's separatists claim victory after violent day

  • The polling station in the Maragall Secondary School Institute. More than 2.2 million people voted, according to the Catalan government. (Photo: Helena Spongenberg)

Catalan separatist leaders will press ahead with the region's independence in the wake of a referendum on Sunday (1 October), which the Spanish government said "did not happen".

"With this day of hope and suffering, the citizens of Catalonia have won the right to an independent state in the form a republic," Carles Puigdemont, the president of the Catalan government, said at the end of a day marked by Spanish police violence inside and outside polling stations.

Thank you for reading EUobserver!

Subscribe now for a 30 day free trial.

  1. €150 per year
  2. or €15 per month
  3. Cancel anytime

EUobserver is an independent, not-for-profit news organization that publishes daily news reports, analysis, and investigations from Brussels and the EU member states. We are an indispensable news source for anyone who wants to know what is going on in the EU.

We are mainly funded by advertising and subscription revenues. As advertising revenues are falling fast, we depend on subscription revenues to support our journalism.

For group, corporate or student subscriptions, please contact us. See also our full Terms of Use.

If you already have an account click here to login.

  • The crowd cheered and clapped when people came out after having cast their vote. (Photo: Helena Spongenberg)

A meeting of the Catalan government was called on Monday morning, and the regional parliament could meet on Monday or Tuesday to declare Catalonia's independence.

On Monday morning, the region's authorities said that more than 2.2 million people voted - a turnout of 42.3 percent - and that the Yes to independence won with more than 90 percent.

But the vote, which had been declared illegal by the Spanish Constitutional Tribunal, was held with no electoral roll and no independent electoral commission.

"There was no referendum today," Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy said in a TV address.

He called on Catalan separatists to "give up on taking new steps that lead nowhere".

He said that "the vast majority of the people of Catalonia refused to participate in the secessionists' challenge" and that "the constitution has prevailed".

"We have done what we had to do," he said, calling the referendum a "premeditated and conscious attack" against Spain.

"We have fulfilled our obligation to defend the rule of law. We have acted within the law, and only within the law," he said.

Over the past few days, the Guardia Civil, Spain's police, seized ballots and removed people from polling stations by force. Rubber bullets were also fired.

Catalan authorities said that more than 800 people were injured.

At the Maragall Secondary School Institute, in the Eixample neighbourhood in central Barcelona, people had started to arrive at five in the morning to help prevent the police from closing the polling station and confiscating the ballot boxes.

"We will vote! We will vote!" people shouted when the school opened its doors at nine.

The crowd cheered and clapped when people came out after having cast their vote.

Sadness and happiness

David Vidal had tears in his eyes and a smile on his face while embracing his wife and son as they came walking out of the polling station.

"We queued for a long time but finally we made it!" Vidal told EUobserver.

"I'm not sure how to explain it: I feel a lot of happiness, but also a lot of sadness at what has happened with the people that have been hurt."

Unlike some other polling stations in Barcelona and across Catalonia, the Maragall Institute only had two Catalan police officers standing a bit further away from the crowd and guiding traffic away.

But there were also fears that the Guard Civil would arrive in their anti-riot gear.

At one point in the morning, people thought they were coming. Elderly and families with children were hurried away while the rest of the people huddled close together towards the door of the institute.

It was a false alarm, but the news and footage that people had heard over the portable radios and seen on social networks shocked the voters who were queuing.

Inside the Maragall polling station, volunteers coordinating the fast stream of people coming in to cast their ballot called on voters not to "waste [their] time with selfies, please."

They wanted to get as many to vote before either the network went down or before the police came in - or both.

'Very scary'

Voting had started very slowly in the morning, as a lack of a proper internet connection made it difficult to check the citizens' right to vote - with volunteers using a mobile app at the election tables. But later a better data connection started to speed things up.

Families with children, the elderly and the ill were given priority. Once inside, people picked up a ballot and an envelope, and had their ID noted and checked on the app, and cast their vote.

Many people cried with joy but most cheered with happiness and euphoria. "I have voted for the first time," said 18-year-old Martina Vergol. "It was very emotional, I came out crying."

She had spent the night inside the building with friends and others to keep the polling station open. They went outside when the ballot boxes arrived at 7am and stayed there with the crowd until all the votes had been counted and the results had been reported.

"It has been a very intense day and it still is," she said. "We have to stay here, but it is very scary."

"The easy way out would be to leave, but what do you do afterwards, then? Now we are all here trying to protect our vote with our body. We'll allow them to hurt us just to gain time, it's crazy," she said.

During the day, organisers advised people that if the police came, everyone should sit on the ground to make a human shield and buy time to hide the ballot boxes. They were also advised to do so while the votes were being counted.

"This is the first time I'm sitting on the street, and I am 77 years old," said one woman with a smile.

When voting stopped at eight in the evening, the crowd started to chant: "We have voted! We have voted!"

Thousand of people gathered on Barcelona's Catalonia Square in the evening, to wait for the vote's results.

They listened to the declarations by Catalan and Spanish political leaders.

'Negotiate, negotiate, negotiate'

Catalan leader Puigdemont denounced a "brutal repression" and said that Spain wrote a "shameful page in the history of its relations with Catalonia".

The Spanish PM said he was - "as always" - open to dialogue and that he would address the Congress of deputies on Monday.

Pedro Sanchez, the leader of the Socialist Party, the main opposition party, called on Rajoy to "negotiate, negotiate and negotiate" with the Catalan leadership. He said that both Rajoy and Puigdemont were responsible for the violence on the day.

Albert Rivera, the leader of the centrist Ciudadanos party, said he supported Rajoy against Puigdemont's "attempt at a coup" but that Rajoy had been "naive".

Radical left Podemos leader Pablo Iglesias condemned police violence and said that Rajoy "shamed" Spaniards.

Before addressing Spanish citizens on TV, Rajoy had spoken with German chancellor Angela Merkel.

Spain's EU partners reacted cautiously, with only Belgium's and Slovenia's PM expressing concerns about the violence.

As of Monday morning, the presidents of the European Commission, Council and Parliament have still not reacted.

Spain and Catalonia in referendum showdown

Barcelona vowed to hold a vote and Madrid vowed to prevent one on the eve of Sunday's planned independence referendum. The deadlock has prompted criticism of Rajoy.

EU 'embarrassed' by Catalan 'taboo'

Faced with the growing tension between the Spanish and Catalan governments, the member states and EU institutions would prefer not to get involved.

EU stays mute on Catalonia

EU leaders and institutions largely remain silent, despite calls to condemn the brutal police crackdown at polling stations in Catalonia during its disputed independence vote.

German ministries were at war over CO2 car cuts

Foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel was not the only German government official trying to water down an EU draft bill on CO2 emissions from passenger vehicles last year. In fact, three Berlin ministries were contradicting each other behind the scenes.

News in Brief

  1. EU wants 'Paris' climate strategy within 13 months
  2. Workload of EU court remains high
  3. Spain's supreme court charges Catalan separatist leaders
  4. EU calls for 'permanent' exemption from US tariffs
  5. Summit backs guidelines for future EU-UK talks
  6. Macron support drops as public sector workers go on strike
  7. EU leaders condemn Turkey for illegal actions in Aegean Sea
  8. Parliament must publish 'trilogue' documents, court says

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. EUobserverStart a Career in EU Media. Apply Now to Become Our Next Sales Associate
  2. EUobserverHiring - Finance Officer With Accounting Degree or Experience - Apply Now!
  3. ECR GroupAn Opportunity to Help Shape a Better Future for Europe
  4. Counter BalanceControversial Turkish Azerbaijani Gas Pipeline Gets Major EU Loan
  5. World VisionSyria’s Children ‘At Risk of Never Fully Recovering', New Study Finds
  6. Macedonian Human Rights MovementMeets with US Congress Member to Denounce Anti-Macedonian Name Negotiations
  7. Martens CentreEuropean Defence Union: Time to Aim High?
  8. UNESDAWatch UNESDA’s President Toast Its 60th Anniversary Year
  9. AJC Transatlantic InstituteAJC Condemns MEP Ana Gomes’s Anti-Semitic Remark, Calls for Disciplinary Action
  10. EPSUEU Commissioners Deny 9.8 Million Workers Legal Minimum Standards on Information Rights
  11. ACCAAppropriate Risk Management is Crucial for Effective Strategic Leadership
  12. EPSUWill the Circular Economy be an Economy With no Workers?

Latest News

  1. Nordic states discuss targeted Russia sanctions
  2. Commission sticks to its line on Barroso case
  3. Germany and France promise new Russia sanctions
  4. EU rejects US trade 'gun to the head'
  5. Tariffs and Turkey will top This WEEK
  6. EU leaders roll over Brexit talks amid Trump and Russia fears
  7. Europe needs corporate tax reform - a digital tax isn't it
  8. EU data chiefs rally behind UK over Cambridge Analytica

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. European Jewish CongressThe 2018 European Medal of Tolerance Goes to Prince Albert II of Monaco
  2. FiscalNoteGlobal Policy Trends: What to Watch in 2018
  3. Human Rights and Democracy NetworkPromoting Human Rights and Democracy in the Next Eu Multiannual Financial Framework
  4. Mission of China to the EUDigital Cooperation a Priority for China-EU Relations
  5. ECTACompetition must prevail in the quest for telecoms investment
  6. European Friends of ArmeniaTaking Stock of 30 Years of EU Policy on the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: How Can the EU Contribute to Peace?
  7. ILGA EuropeCongratulations Finland!
  8. UNICEFCyclone Season Looms Over 720,000 Rohingya Children in Myanmar & Bangladesh
  9. European Gaming & Betting AssociationEU Court: EU Commission Correct to Issue Guidelines for Online Gambling Services
  10. Mission of China to the EUChina Hopes for More Exchanges With Nordic, Baltic Countries
  11. Macedonian Human Rights MovementCondemns Facebook for Actively Promoting Anti-Macedonian Racism
  12. Nordic Council of MinistersGlobal Seed Vault: Gene Banks Gather to Celebrate 1 Million Seed Collections

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. CECEIndustry Stakeholders Are Ready to Take the Lead in Digital Construction
  2. ILGA EuropeAnkara Ban on LGBTI Events Continues as Turkish Courts Reject NGO Appeals
  3. Aid & Trade LondonJoin Thousands of Stakeholders of the Global Aid Industry at Aid & Trade London
  4. Macedonian Human Rights MovementEuropean Free Alliance Joins MHRMI to End the Anti-Macedonian Name Negotiations
  5. Mission of China to the EUChina-EU Tourism Year to Promote Business and Mutual Ties
  6. European Jewish CongressAt “An End to Antisemitism!” Conference, Dr. Kantor Calls for Ambitious Solutions
  7. UNESDAA Year Ago UNESDA Members Pledged to Reduce Added Sugars in Soft Drinks by 10%
  8. International Partnership for Human RightsUzbekistan: Investigate Torture of Journalist
  9. UNICEFExecutive Director's Committment to Tackling Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children
  10. Nordic Council of MinistersState of the Nordic Region 2018: Facts, Figures and Rankings of the 74 Regions
  11. Mission of China to the EUDigital Economy Shaping China's Future, Over 30% of GDP
  12. Macedonian Human Rights MovementSuing the Governments of Macedonia and Greece for Changing Macedonia's Name