EU averts crisis as budget talks end in success
"We have an agreement on the financial perspectives", UK prime minister Tony Blair announced at 03:00 in Brussels on Saturday (17 December) after two days of nervous negotiations.
The deal averts the threat of deep political rifts within the EU as well as delays over further enlargement, with Macedonia on Saturday gaining EU candidate status.
Dear EUobserver reader
Subscribe now for unrestricted access to EUobserver.
Sign up for 30 days' free trial, no obligation. Full subscription only 15 € / month or 150 € / year.
- Unlimited access on desktop and mobile
- All premium articles, analysis, commentary and investigations
- EUobserver archives
EUobserver is the only independent news media covering EU affairs in Brussels and all 28 member states.
♡ We value your support.
If you already have an account click here to login.
Under the compromise, EU spending in 2007-2013 will not rise above 1.045 percent (€862.4 billion) of the union's gross income; the UK will give €10.5 billion off its rebate; there is no commitment to reform either the UK rebate or the common agricultural policy (CAP) before 2013.
On top of this, Poland will be the largest beneficiary of EU cohesion spending, pocketing €59.7 billion, and the Netherlands got the €1 billion it wanted off its national contribution.
"Britain's strong relationship with the new countries has been safeguarded", Mr Blair said, stressing that the UK rebate "remains in full" as far as CAP spending in the old member states is concerned.
His old nemesis, French president Jacques Chirac, praised Mr Blair's "intelligence and courage", adding:
"We have a deal, a good deal for Europe, which provides sufficient means to finance its ambitions for the European Community and for enlargement."
European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso indicated the compromise was "not everything the commission wanted", but that "Europe avoided paralysis."
Polish prime minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz punched his hand in the air and said "Yes! Yes! Yes!" in reaction to the agreement.
"It is for this kind of compromise that we came here", he said, adding "We will use it to chase the richest countries in Europe."
The Polish leader revealed that after all 25 EU members had signed up to the budget deal, German chancellor Angela Merkel took €100 million of aid designated for German regions and gave it to Poland.
"This is a beautiful, excellent gesture, hard to measure in zloty or euro because it is a gesture of solidarity", he indicated.
He explained that the key to the agreement was a spending compromise between the UK, France and Germany.
He also singled out the "good ghost" of Luxembourg prime minister Jean Claude Juncker, who helped keep relations friendly even as Poland twice threatened to walk out of the talks on Friday.
Macedonia on its way into EU
The budget deal allowed EU leaders to approve official EU candidate status for the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, which France had threatened to veto in the event of no budget deal.
EU leaders recognized Macedonia's "substantial progress" in securing minority rights and implementing its Stabilisation and Association Agreement with Brussels.
But their formal conclusions made clear Skopje's new status did not automatically mean the opening of accession talks, with member states referring to the union's own "absorption capacity" as one of the benchmarks for taking further steps.
Macedonia now joins Croatia and Turkey, which became EU candidates in October.
Meanwhile, a tired set of 25 EU leaders climbed back into their limousines and headed home to begin the process of selling the new finance deal across Europe.