Thursday

26th May 2022

Cyprus leader hails 'milestone' in reunification talks

The Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders have exchanged maps showing how much territory their communities would control on a reunified island, in a move that could be a major breakthrough towards a peace settlement.

"The submission of maps is a milestone in the history of the Cyprus problem. We continue to strive to satisfy the expectations of the Cypriot people," Greek Cypriot leader Nicos Anastasiades wrote on Twitter on Wednesday (11 January).

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

  • Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders have exchanged maps showing the island after reunification for the first time. (Photo: Leonid Mamchenkov)

Anastasiades and his Turkish Cypriot counterpart Mustafa Akinci had been negotiating since Monday in Geneva, Switzerland, in what was considered a last-chance effort to reach an agreement.

A UN-chaired multilateral conference begins on Thursday with the three powers that guarantee Cyprus's security - the UK, Greece and Turkey.

Cyprus has been divided since a Turkish invasion in 1974. The current peace talks started in 2015, after a first settlement plan, proposed by the UN, failed in 2004.

UN Cyprus envoy Espen Barth Eide said talks had reached a "very important and historic moment".

"Never before have we had an exchange or presentation of maps created by the Cypriot delegations themselves with every sentence and comma written by Cypriots," he said on Wednesday.

Last November, a previous round of talks in Switzerland between Anastasiades and Akinci had failed over the so-called territory issue, and another failure would have jeopardised the whole process.

'Not the end of the road'

Thursday's multilateral conference, however, is unlikely to produce a definitive settlement.

The Greek and Turkish Cypriot have started exchanging remarks on the two maps they swapped and further discussions will be needed.

"It’s not the end of the road," Anastasiades spokesman told journalists. "It’s the start of negotiations on a very important chapter of the Cyprus problem."

Other issues to be discussed with the guarantors are also difficult, in particular the security of the island, and the guarantee itself.

Turkey still has 40,000 soldiers in the northern part of Cyprus. The Greek Cypriots wants the Turkish army to leave, while the Turkish Cypriots and Ankara want it to stay.

Turkey, which will ultimately back or block any deal Akinci would be ready to make with Anastasiades, will not accept the end of the guarantee, but would be “open to a modernisation" of the security framework, Sinan Ulgen, from the Carnegie Europe think-tank, told EUobserver.

The three guarantors will not be represented at the highest level on Thursday, which indicates that the talks will be mainly aimed at clearing the way to further, decisive talks between leaders.

The UK, Greece and Turkey will be represented by their foreign ministers Boris Johnson, Nikos Kotzias and Mevlut Cavusoglu.

'The time has come'

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and the EU diplomacy chief Federica Mogherini will be in Geneva.

"I think the time has come to reunite the island," Juncker said in Valletta on Wednesday, adding that it was "the last chance to see the island being recomposed in a normal way".

"When it is about peace, you have to take the plane," he said. "I would not be happy with my own behaviour if I were to hide away."

Juncker, whose commission has been involved at a technical level to prepare a reunification and the integration of the Turkish-occupied part of Cyprus into EU structures, admitted that taking part in the Geneva talks was "risky".

"But when it is about peace you have to take risks," he said. "When it is about peace, those who are taking no risks are taking the greater risk."

Analysis

Turkey holds key at last-ditch Cyprus talks

The Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders meet from Monday to Wednesday, before an multilateral conference on Thursday that could endorse a reunification settlement. Talks could still fail on Turkey's role.

Cyprus leaders fail to agree territory deal

A two-day meeting between Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders ended without an agreement on the map of a reunited island, casting doubt on a final settlement.

Interview

Cyprus seeks EU support on reunification

EU states should be "more vocal" with Turkey and play a more political role on reunification, Cyprus' EU ambassador told EUobserver.

EU monitoring Cyprus passport sales

The European Commission has said it is in a "dialogue" with Cyprus amid concerns on loopholes in its passport sale scheme.

Cyprus talks up in the air

A week after the failure of negotiations to reunite the islands, Greek Cypriots are calling on Turkish Cypriots to reaffirm their commitment to the process.

Opinion

Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine - the case for granting EU candidacy

Granting EU candidacy status to Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine will firmly anchor their ties with Brussels — and enable the EU to secure its place in the Black Sea region, connecting Europe to China and energy-rich Central Asia, bypassing Russia.

Opinion

The EU Parliament Covid inquiry: the questions MEPs must ask

A basic lack of transparency around the EU's vaccines procurement negotiations has prevented effective public and parliamentary scrutiny. It has also made it impossible to answer some of the key questions we put forward here.

News in Brief

  1. Dutch journalists sue EU over banned Russia TV channels
  2. EU holding €23bn of Russian bank reserves
  3. Russia speeds up passport process in occupied Ukraine
  4. Palestinian civil society denounce Metsola's Israel visit
  5. Johnson refuses to resign after Downing Street parties report
  6. EU border police has over 2,000 agents deployed
  7. Dutch tax authorities to admit to institutional racism
  8. Rutte calls for EU pension and labour reforms

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic delegation visits Nordic Bridges in Canada
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersClear to proceed - green shipping corridors in the Nordic Region
  3. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic ministers agree on international climate commitments
  4. UNESDA - SOFT DRINKS EUROPEEfficient waste collection schemes, closed-loop recycling and access to recycled content are crucial to transition to a circular economy in Europe
  5. UiPathNo digital future for the EU without Intelligent Automation? Online briefing Link

Latest News

  1. EU summit will be 'unwavering' on arms for Ukraine
  2. Orbán's new state of emergency under fire
  3. EU parliament prevaricates on barring Russian lobbyists
  4. Ukraine lawyer enlists EU watchdog against Russian oil
  5. Right of Reply: Hungarian government
  6. When Reagan met Gorbachev — a history lesson for Putin
  7. Orbán oil veto to deface EU summit on Ukraine
  8. France aims for EU minimum-tax deal in June

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us