Tuesday

5th Mar 2024

Amnesty: Belarus forces 'beat migrants seeking EU asylum'

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Rights group Amnesty International has documented numerous beatings, by Belarus guards, of migrants after being forced back into Belarus from EU states.

Researchers at the NGO on Monday (20 December) said they had spoken to 75 people lured to the borders with Poland, Lithuania and Latvia from Belarus between July and November.

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They describe cases of "serious torture or other ill-treatment", including those who had sought asylum in the EU member states but were then forced to return into Belarus.

Among the examples are people being chased by dogs, beaten with batons, and forced to cross freezing rivers.

Others were deprived of food and water and squeezed into fenced "collection sites" on the Belarus side, before then being "violently forced to cross into Poland", they said.

They were then pushed back into Belarus - where the process was repeated again, they said. EU law requires authorities to make individual assessments of asylum claims.

The report comes after suggestions by the European Commission for people to also seek asylum in Belarus amid legislative proposals that NGOs say weaken EU asylum rights.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) says at least 21 people have died during the border crisis with Belarus.

Among those is the death of a six-months pregnant Kurdish woman earlier this month.

She had been stuck in the forests between Poland and Belarus before dying in a hospital. Her unborn child also perished, leaving behind siblings and a father.

That local toll adds to the total of 2,720 people killed in their attempts to seek refuge in the whole of the EU so far this year, the deadliest year in the region since 2018.

The figures also come amid wider police efforts in the EU to crack down on social media accounts encouraging others to take the trip to Belarus.

The Hague-based police agency Europol, also on Monday, said some 455 social media accounts had been targeted with the help of authorities from Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Poland and Germany.

"These accounts have been referred to the online service providers with the request to review them against the terms of service," it said, in a statement.

Lithuanian interior minister Agne Bilotaite told reporters on Monday that anywhere between 3,000 to 4,000 migrants remain in Belarus.

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The EU Commission presented a proposal to allow relaxing EU asylum laws in Poland, Lithuania and Latvia for six months. It says all rights will be respected - but deflected questions on whether a Polish law on pushbacks complies.

Commission plan allows police to shoot suspects in other EU states

Although only a recommendation, the latest proposal on police cooperation would allow them to arrest - or shoot, if necessary - suspects in other EU states. The EU Commission also seeks to automate sharing of facial-recognition images by police.

Macron promises strong EU borders

Obligatory detentions, more security-screening, and faster deportations - these are the French EU presidency's migration priorities.

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Germany is expanding agreements to return rejected asylum seekers to their countries of origin as part of a wider shift in Europe to curtail migration. Berlin has reached deals with Georgia and Morocco since December.

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