Tuesday

31st Jan 2023

Interview

Son of couple jailed in Egypt pleads to EU for help

  • Ola Al-Qaradawi (left) and her husband Hosam Khalaf the day before their arrest (Photo: Ahmad Khalaf)

Ola Al-Qaradawi, a 56-year old mother of three, has been locked up in solitary confinement without charge for over 450 days at the AlQanater prison in Egypt.

Last week, her distraught older son, Ahmad Khalaf, told EUobserver that she is being held in the punishment wing of the women's prison, reputed to be among the worst in the country.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

"There is no sunlight in her room. There is no ventilation, she is not allowed to leave that cell except for five minutes to use the bathroom once every morning," he said.

His father Hosam Khalaf (Ola's husband) has endured a similar fate. He is being held without charge in Egypt's Tora prison. Unlike Ola, the father is not in solitary confinement. Both are US green card holders.

"They are being held in inhumane conditions, both of them, especially my mother. As far as we know, she is the longest political prisoner in Egypt that has been held in solitary confinement," Khalaf told EUobserver.

EU's pivot to Egypt

Their cases highlight the widespread human rights abuses in Egypt by a government now being courted by the EU in their bid to crack down on migration flows from north Africa and - along with other deals - to turn Egypt into an energy hub.

At the EU's informal summit in Salzburg last month, European Council president Donald Tusk praised the regime in Cairo, seeking greater and deeper cooperation on a wide range of issues, most notably migration.

Austria's chancellor Sebastian Kurz praised Egypt as "efficient", telling reporters that the government under president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi set an "example when it comes to illegal migration and people-smuggling."

Tusk and Kurz met el-Sisi on a joint visit to Egypt in September, amid a separate deal to pipe offshore natural gas from Cyprus to processing plants in Egypt.

The European Commission has now started telling reporters that Egypt "is an important partner for the European Union" and begun planning an EU-Arab League summit in Egypt for early 2019.

Open air prison for critics

Such platitudes fall flat with human rights activists. Amnesty International recently described Egypt as an "open air prison for critics."

Amnesty says security agencies have blocked at least 504 websites without judicial authorisation or oversight since April, mainly under the pretext of "anti-terrorism" measures.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights over the summer demanded the unconditional release of both Ola and Hosam. The UN working group on arbitrary detention describe their detention as illegal and in violation of international law.

In January, some 71 members of the US congress also lobbied for their release. In August, their case was heard in a sub-committee at the US house of representatives.

In Europe, the commission said it is following the pair's case closely. However, when asked what they have done to help secure their release, the commission gave a vague response.

"The EU has a variety of human rights tools at its disposal, and the approach to each case of concern is considered individually in its specific context," it said.

Ahmad Khalaf says his mother was never politically active. He says she went on hunger strike for 80 days to protest at her poor treatment.

"We have been living in Egypt for 25 years, we have never had any issues similar to this. Only after the regime change in 2013, this started happening," he said.

The couple had been taken from their family holiday home in northern Egypt on 30 June 2017. Khalaf, his wife and small child, had left them just hours before.

The pair were detained without a search or arrest warrant on accusations that have yet to materialise. But Khalaf believes their imprisonment is linked to a wider regional dispute with Qatar.

Ola is a Qatari national. Her father, Imam Qaradawi, is a well known Islamic scholar and outspoken critic of the Egyptian government.

"We are speculating, they haven't provided any charges or any proof, we are speculating that it has to do with the diplomatic crisis regarding Qatar," said Khalaf.

Khalaf, his wife and daughter, all now live in Europe. His two younger sisters live in the United States.

He believes the EU should help and has met several EU officials, including Portuguese socialist MEP Ana Gomes and European parliament vice president Pavel Telicka.

"They [EU] do have stronger ties with Egypt now but that doesn't mean they will turn a blind eye to the human rights abuses, this is the message that we have received from all the officials that we have met," said Khalaf.

In May, Gomes sent a two-page letter to the EU's foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini asking her to demand that the Egyptian authorities release Ola and Hosan.

Mogherini, in her response, said they were aware of the specific case, noting that they are "following the human rights situation in Egypt very closely".

EU promotes 'Egypt model' to reduce migrant numbers

EU council president Donald Tusk wants to discuss deepening relations with authoritarian Egypt, as a model of migrant reduction, with EU heads of state and government at a meeting in Salzburg, Austria on Wednesday.

Feature

Syrians find troubled homes in Egypt

Despite EU aid, Syrian families are finding it difficult to integrate into Egyptian society, with reports now emerging that some Syrian girls are subjected to genital mutilation.

Opinion

Stronger EU-Egypt ties must not disregard human rights

The EU’s apparent willingness to water down its stance on human rights in Egypt could seriously compromise its credibility and have far-reaching consequences for its relations with other countries in the region.

New Cairo activist case prompts wave of Italy demos

Four years after the killing of an Italian activist in Cairo, Italian cities are mobilising to highlight the fate of Patrick Zaki, imprisoned since February for "inciting protest through his Facebook profile".

Opinion

Why the new ECHR Ukraine-Russia ruling matters

The ECHR ruled that Russia was in "effective control" of separatist regions of Eastern Ukraine from 11 May 2014. In doing so, the court has formally acknowledged the inter-state character of the conflict and Russia's culpability for human rights abuses.

Opinion

Greece's spy scandal must shake us out of complacency

The director of Amnesty International Greece on the political spying scandal that now threatens to bring down prime minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis. Activists and NGO staff work with the constant fear that they are being spied on.

Latest News

  1. Democracy — is it in crisis or renaissance?
  2. EU lobby register still riddled with errors
  3. Polish backpedal on windfarms put EU funds at risk
  4. More money, more problems in EU answer to US green subsidies
  5. Study: EU electricity transition sped into high gear in 2022
  6. Russia and China weaponised pandemic to sow distrust, MEPs hear
  7. Frontex to spend €100m on returning migrants this year
  8. EU aims to simplify tax credits to counteract US green subsidies

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Party of the European LeftJOB ALERT - Seeking a Communications Manager (FT) for our Brussels office!
  2. European Parliamentary Forum for Sexual & Reproductive Rights (EPF)Launch of the EPF Contraception Policy Atlas Europe 2023. 8th February. Register now.
  3. Europan Patent OfficeHydrogen patents for a clean energy future: A global trend analysis of innovation along hydrogen value chains
  4. Forum EuropeConnecting the World from the Skies calls for global cooperation in NTN rollout
  5. EFBWWCouncil issues disappointing position ignoring the threats posed by asbestos
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersLarge Nordic youth delegation at COP15 biodiversity summit in Montreal

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersCOP27: Food systems transformation for climate action
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersThe Nordic Region and the African Union urge the COP27 to talk about gender equality
  3. Friedrich Naumann Foundation European DialogueGender x Geopolitics: Shaping an Inclusive Foreign Security Policy for Europe
  4. Obama FoundationThe Obama Foundation Opens Applications for its Leaders Program in Europe
  5. EFBWW – EFBH – FETBBA lot more needs to be done to better protect construction workers from asbestos
  6. European Committee of the RegionsRe-Watch EURegions Week 2022

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us