Thursday

18th Oct 2018

Agenda

Juncker's first EU anniversary This WEEK

The asylum and refugee crisis continues to dominate this four-day WEEK as the European Commission marks its one-year anniversary under Jean-Claude Juncker.

The former Luxembourg prime minister took the helm of the Brussels executive 12 months ago on Sunday (1 November) amid media revelations that the Grand Duchy had facilitated corporate tax evasion on a massive scale.

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Juncker may have weathered the storm but it follows him around. MEPs in a special tax committee have maintained pressure in their efforts to weed out and further expose the so-called sweetheart deals to the public.

But the Commission chief has more pressing priorities than a past coming back to haunt him and an anniversary to celebrate.

“Given the challenges Europe is currently facing and in particular the continuing drama of the refugee crisis, we do not intend to mark this day by words or by festivities”, Juncker’s main spokesperson Margaritis Schinas told reporters in Brussels on Friday (30 October).

Over 720,000 people have crossed the sea over the past year to seek asylum and better lives in the European Union. Some 3,400 are reported dead or missing in the attempt.

Another 22 people, including children, will be added to that death toll after they drowned trying to reach a Greek island from Turkey on Friday.

The influx of migrants and the panicked responses from some national governments have long since overshadowed the Greek debt crisis that had previously dominated headlines.

Nevertheless, EU finance commissioner Pierre Moscovici is heading to Athens on Tuesday and Wednesday to assess the progress of Greek structural reforms. And on Wednesday, EU ombudsman Emily O'Reilly is meeting with Juncker.

Meanwhile, the refugee crisis is creating tensions among major coalitions in Germany, with Chancellor Angela Merkel fighting the biggest challenge to her leadership since she took office.

A common European asylum system, which took years to negotiate, is also in tatters.

At its heart is the now failed Dublin regulation, which requires point-of-entry member states to register and process asylum applications on behalf of everyone else.

Moves are being made to shore up the EU's external borders, send unwanted migrants packing, and step up the surveillance of travelling EU citizens. But even that doesn’t seem to be working out quite as planned.

Instead, Schinas rattled off a list of Juncker priority policies before being grilled by journalists on the latest developments on the asylum front.

Schinas announced that Austria, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia have pledged the first 12,000 places for refugees from the additional 50,000 places, which must be created by the end of the year along the Western Balkans route.

The hope is that others will follow through soon.

But the Commission, which has tabled a number of other proposals to better coordinate a Europe-wide response, has been met with resistance and unfulfilled commitments from member states.

The crisis is turning into a fight for the survival of the European Union, with fears mounting that internal borders may once again appear in the near future.

Talks of building fences, with others now replicating similar moves by Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban, is upping the pressure.

The EU is now looking for answers in Turkey and elsewhere.

Under the increasingly autocratic leadership of president Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey is making fresh demands for more EU money and a visa-free regime as Syrian and Iraqi refugees make their way to Greece and then up to mainland EU.

The Commission says it won't capitulate on human rights abuses carried out by Erdogan as he cracks down on media freedoms in the lead-up to elections on Sunday.

But a critical Commission progress report on Turkey has been delayed, amid speculation that it would upset a deal with Istanbul to stem the flow of refugees.

Brexit, Bono and Bavaria top This WEEK

Crunch time in Brexit talks dominate the EU's agenda as a withdrawal agreement between the EU and the UK could be within reach - after months of lack of progress in negotiations. Plus, Bono's in Brussels.

Turkey and money dominate this week

MEPs in Strasbourg this week will vote on a law to cut carbon dioxide emissions for new cars and punish Turkey for its rule-of-law crackdown. Meanwhile, ministers in Luxembourg will be discussing euro-area reforms.

Brexit and MEPs expenses in the spotlight This WEEK

The EU will be watching closely how the political dynamics of Theresa May's Conservative party conference starting next week will influence Brexit negotiations. MEPs might also be forced to release their office expenses.

News in Brief

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  6. Medvedev to meet Juncker and Merkel in Brussels
  7. Italians and Czechs least favourable to remaining in EU
  8. Facebook hack set to be first major test of EU data rules

Russian activist warning on 'fake news' as EU backs action

In 2015, internet activist Lyudmila Savchuk went under cover to expose a troll factory in St Petersburg. As the EU summit endorses anti-disinformation action, she told EUobserver the Russian government is bankrolling many more.

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