Sunday

21st Apr 2019

EU countries back France on Mali air strikes

  • Rebels last year captured and destroyed parts of the historic town of Timbuktu (Photo: emilio labrador)

Fellow EU countries and the US have backed France's decision to bomb rebels in north Mali.

The French attacks began on Friday (11 January) when Mali appealed to France, the former colonial power in the region, for help after hostile forces surged toward the town of Mopti, a regional capital.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Support quality EU news

Get instant access to all articles — and 18 year's of archives. 30 days free trial.

... or join as a group

French Rafale jets and Gazelle helicopters stopped the rebel advance before striking bases behind the front line in Aghabo, Douentza, Gao, Kidal and Lere.

The operation - codenamed "Serval," the name of a sub-Saharan wildcat - saw the death of one French helicopter pilot, lieutenant Damien Boiteux, with a French presidential aide telling French press that the rebels have high-tech weapons taken from Libya after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi.

France also deployed 500-or-so ground troops in the capital city Bamako to protect the 6,000 French citizens who live there.

Its defence minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, said over the weekend: "There was a spectacular acceleration since Wednesday ... Bamako would have fallen. We had to act very quickly. It would have been the total destruction of the Malian state."

He added: "The threat is that a terrorist state will be created near Europe and France."

He noted that the operation could last "a matter of weeks" and that French ground troops might act as a "back-up" to local forces later on.

The French ambassador to the UN, Gerard Araud, said in a letter to the chief of the UN Security Council (UNSC): "This operation, which resides within the bounds of international legality, will last as long as necessary."

For its part, the UK has lent two C17 cargo planes to fly armoured vehicles from France to Mali, but it said British soldiers will not take part in fighting.

"The northern part of Mali is controlled by Al Qaeda and other terrorist organisations and that poses a potential direct threat to the UK and regional stability," foreign office junior minister Mark Simmonds said.

Danish foreign minister Villy Sovndal noted that the French action is in line with UNSC resolution 2085. "I fully support France's attempt to secure stability in the region," he said.

The US is sending unarmed surveillance drones and has offered "logistical" support.

The sudden escalation pre-empted regional countries' and EU-level plans to build and train an international force to recapture rebel-held areas.

But Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria and Togo over the weekend pledged to quickly send some 500 troops each to help Mali's war effort, while Algeria opened its airspace for French jets.

EU foreign service chief Catherine Ashton also said in a statement on Friday she "will accelerate preparations for the deployment of a military mission to Mali to provide training and advice to the Malian forces."

Meanwhile, a rebel commander in Gao - Oumar Ould Hamaha - told US news agency AP: "France is going to reap the worst consequences possible from this. Now no French person can feel safe anywhere in the world. Every French national is a target."

The rebel forces are a mixed bag of religious extremists and secularist fighters.

The MNLA, a Toureg group, wants to rule an independent north Mali, which it calls Azawad.

It has itself clashed with elements from Islamic extremist groups - Ansar Dine, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (Mujao) - which also operate in north Mali.

Europeans taken hostage over Mali war

EU foreign ministers are holding a crisis meeting on Mali, after one British citizen was killed and 41 internationals taken hostage at a gas plant in Algeria in retaliation against France.

EU migrants sneaking into US from Mexico

Almost 1,000 Romanian nationals were caught trying to sneak into the United States in 2017, of which around half attempted to cross via Mexico. Nationals from countries like Hungary and the UK were also intercepted.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Counter BalanceSign the petition to help reform the EU’s Bank
  2. UNICEFChild rights organisations encourage candidates for EU elections to become Child Rights Champions
  3. UNESDAUNESDA Outlines 2019-2024 Aspirations: Sustainability, Responsibility, Competitiveness
  4. Counter BalanceRecord citizens’ input to EU bank’s consultation calls on EIB to abandon fossil fuels
  5. International Partnership for Human RightsAnnual EU-Turkmenistan Human Rights Dialogue takes place in Ashgabat
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersNew campaign: spot, capture and share Traces of North
  7. Nordic Council of MinistersLeading Nordic candidates go head-to-head in EU election debate
  8. Nordic Council of MinistersNew Secretary General: Nordic co-operation must benefit everybody
  9. Platform for Peace and JusticeMEP Kati Piri: “Our red line on Turkey has been crossed”
  10. UNICEF2018 deadliest year yet for children in Syria as war enters 9th year
  11. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic commitment to driving global gender equality
  12. International Partnership for Human RightsMeet your defender: Rasul Jafarov leading human rights defender from Azerbaijan

Latest News

  1. Romania drafts EU code on NGO migrant rescues
  2. Bulgaria, Hungary, and Malta shamed on press unfreedom
  3. EU drafts $20bn US sanctions list in aviation dispute
  4. Brunei defends stoning to death of gay men in EU letter
  5. US Democrats side with Ireland on Brexit
  6. Wifi or 5G to connect EU cars? MEPs weigh in
  7. How Brexit may harm the new EU parliament
  8. EU parliament backs whistleblower law

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us