Tuesday

17th Oct 2017

EU referendum idea gains momentum in Germany

  • Westerwelle: latest addition to chorus of pro-referendum voices in Germany (Photo: consilium.europa.eu)

German foreign minister Guido Westerwelle on Sunday (12 August) became the latest in a line of politicians calling for a referendum on handing over more powers to Brussels as part of a new EU constitution.

"I hope that we have a real European constitution and that there will also be a referendum on it," he told the Sunday edition of Germany's biggest-circulation newspaper, Bild.

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The idea to hold a referendum on what Chancellor Angela Merkel sees as the only way out of the crisis - the formation of a true "political union" - has gained momentum in Germany.

"We need a political union. That means we have to give up further competencies to Europe, step by step, in an ongoing process," she told ARD public television earlier this month.

Politicians both in the ruling coalition and in the opposition in recent weeks have said this is the only way to legitimise new transfers of power to EU institutions, which would go beyond what the current German constitution allows.

German finance minister Wolfgang Schauble, from Merkel's own Christian-Democratic Union was the first to float the idea in June. He was followed by Bavarian Conservatives and now members of the liberal Free Democratic Party, Merkel's junior coalition member.

For his part, Horst Seehofer, the leader of the Bavarian sister party to Merkel's CDU, on Sunday also said in an interview with Welt am Sonntag that there are "three [legal] areas where one must ask the German people about it [power transfers]."

Meanwhile, the leader of the centre-left SPD party, Sigmar Gabriel, last week said the only way out of the crisis is to pool debt and sovereignty.

He also endorsed a recent essay written by German philosopher Jurgen Habermas along with an economist and another SPD member, which called for a referendum and for giving the European Parliament more powers so that there is no "taxation without representation."

Leading German magazine Spiegel Online has outlined forward three scenarios for a possible referendum.

It said one option is a voluntary poll on changing the German charter. A second scenario is a referendum forced by German ratification of a new EU treaty on power transfers, while a final option is a pan-European referendum on EU treaty changes.

The German Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe is due to rule on 12 September on the legal compatibility with German law of the European pact on budget discipline - the "fiscal compact" - and the eurozone's permanent bailout fund, the European Stability Mechanism.

In line with previous rulings, it is likely to ask for a bigger say for the German Parliament and point to the limits of the current German constitution as part of the eurozone architecture-in-the-making.

Merkel links federal election with Europe

Next year's federal elections in Germany will be about Europe, said Chancellor Angela Merkel, who has spent the past two years shaping the eurozone's answer to its debt crisis in the face of scepticism at home.

Merkel wants EU treaty convention by end of year

German Chancellor Angela Merkel is pressing for a new EU treaty convention by December, despite opposition from many countries, Der Spiegel reports. She is also revisiting the idea of the EU's top court being granted jurisdiction over national budgets.

Catalonia to declare independence in a few days

Spain's king, Felipe VI, said Catalonia's leaders were breaking up the country's unity as hundreds of thousands of Catalans rallied against police violence at Sunday's referendum.

EU Commission's credibility eroding, says Catalonia

A former commission official who now represents the Catalan government says some European commissioners do not agree with the EU commission's official statement on Catalonia's bid for independence from Spain.

Austrian voters reject liberal pro-EU status quo

Counting continues, but after his victory in Sunday's election, conservative leader Sebastian Kurz is likely to form a coalition with the far-right and could become one of the most vocal critics of EU policies among the bloc's leaders.

Brexit 'deadlock' prevents move to trade negotiations

EU negotiator Barnier also said after the latest round of Brexit talks that with political will, progress can be achieved in the next two months - in time for the December EU summit to give the green light.

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