Tuesday

19th Jan 2021

Michel lays out compromise budget plan for summit

  • European Council president Charles Michel said there needs to be 'political courage' to clinch a deal in July (Photo: Council of the European Union)

European Council president Charles Michel on Friday (10 July) laid out his compromise proposal for the long-term EU budget and recovery package which he hopes will bridge the deep gaps between EU governments.

Michel will next week chair the first physical meeting of heads of state and government since the coronavirus pandemic - after he had already attempted to come to an agreement on the budget back in February.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

The Belgian politician offered a smaller, €1.074 trillion EU budget than that proposed by the EU commission in May, but suggested keeping the recovery package at €750bn, to mitigate the economic fallout from the corona crisis.

He said leaders' first discussion on the commission's proposal "revealed strong opposition to some elements of the package".

Leaders agreed to allow the commission to borrow money from the capital markets to remedy the biggest recession the EU has ever faced.

But the details of the EU executive's plans faced strong opposition mainly from fiscally-conservative countries.

The so-called 'Frugal Four', led by the Netherlands, sought a smaller budget and recovery fund, available only in loans, with strict oversight on spending by fellow member states .

In a concession to the fiscally-conservative capitals, Michel proposed that Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany and Sweden could keep their rebates, a form of compensation for their net-budget contribution.

In his proposal, Michel kept the ratio of distributing two-thirds of the €750bn fund in grants and one third in loans to member states, to "avoid overburdening" some countries with more debt.

Michel devised a plan to commit the majority of the grants in 2021 and 2022, and 30 percent in 2023, based on slightly different data which would show a clearer picture on which countries are worst-affected by the corona-induced economic crisis.

With this move, Michel tried to address calls for funds to be distributed fast, and the concerns of the 'Frugal Four' to focus more on the direct impact of the pandemic.

On the key issue of how to monitor the spending of the fund, Michel proposed to have the commission and the majority of EU countries approve national reform plans and their implementation, to unlock the EU aid.

'Don't burn money'

"Our goal is not to burn money, but to invest and to reform," Michel said.

The Netherlands has pushed for a unanimous approval by member states on their fellow EU member's reform program.

However, countries such as Greece, which had been heavily-surveilled during the debt crisis by EU institutions, have pushed back against other member states having a veto over national policies.

Michel also maintained his proposal from February to establish a mechanism linking EU countries' respect for the rule of law to the disbursement of EU funds.

According to his proposal, in a nod to countries such as Poland and Hungary (who heavily pushed back against the idea), a majority of member states need to approve sanctions in case of a rule of law deficiency.

The compromise is a weaker mechanism than the more automatic sanctioning originally planned by the commission.

However, Michel's proposal foresees more funding for the European Public Prosecutor's Office, fighting disinformation and supporting media pluralism, among other areas.

Michel also proposed to have new EU-level levies to help repay the debt taken on by the commission: on un-recycled single-use plastics from 2021, on digital transactions and carbon footprint of imports by 2023, and with more taxes possible later on.

Michel also wants to earmark 30 percent of funds, an increase from the originally planned 25 percent, for projects that fight climate change.

A new €5bn Brexit adjustment fund to support Ireland, Belgium and other countries, regions and industries most affected by Britain's departure from 2021 is also planned, but its creation will depend on whether there is an agreement between the UK and the EU on the future relations.

Time pressure

Michel's proposal will be the basis for discussion for EU leaders next weekend, and it remains to be seen if then a compromise can be struck at one meeting - or more summits are needed.

Until then, there will be a flurry of bilateral meetings across the continent between EU leaders to hammer out differences.

German chancellor Angela Merkel is to meet Italian premier Giuseppe Conte next Monday and the Spanish PM Pedro Sanchez on Tuesday.

Meanwhile, Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte will host Portugal's Antonio Costa and Sanchez on Monday.

Merkel is pushing for a deal at next week's summit, as a swift decision would not only save the EU from prolonged economic depression and push back populists, it could also save the German EU presidency from getting stuck in protracted haggling.

"We need political courage, now is the time to decide," Michel told reporters on Friday.

Analysis

EU Commission's €1.85trn recovery package - key points

With an eye-watering over a trillion euro revised budget and a €750bn recovery package, the EU Commission hopes to restart Europe's economy. Here are some of the key aspects of the proposals.

Coronavirus

EU leaders to reconvene in July on budget and recovery

Most EU leaders want an agreement before the summer break, but the Dutch PM, leading the 'Frugal Four', warned there might not even be a deal then. But the ECB's Christian Lagarde has warned of a "dramatic" economic fall.

Coronavirus

EU leaders seek to first narrow differences at summit

EU leaders on Friday will share their takes - online - on the €750bn recovery and €1.1 trillion budget plans, before they try to seal the deal at one or two likely head-to-head meetings in July.

Rule-of-law row complicates budget talks

Disagreements are running deep between EU leaders over the overall size of the budget and recovery package, the criteria and mode of distribution and the conditions, with rule of law "another battle ground opening up".

News in Brief

  1. EU to set up sharing mechanism for Covid-19 vaccines
  2. Poll: Europeans believe China to eclipse US on world stage
  3. New Covid variant found in Bavaria, Germany
  4. Will Italian government survive senate vote?
  5. UK to probe British Virgin Islands lawlessness
  6. Ice-hockey drops 2021 Belarus world cup
  7. EU's euro-strategy bodes ill for City of London
  8. EU vaccine-refuseniks could face travel problems

Budget deal struck, with Hungary threat still hanging

Ultimately, the European Parliament managed to squeeze an extra €16bn in total - which will be financed with competition fines the EU Commission hands out over the next seven years, plus reallocations within the budget.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. UNESDAEU Code of Conduct can showcase PPPs delivering healthier more sustainable society
  2. CESIKlaus Heeger and Romain Wolff re-elected Secretary General and President of independent trade unions in Europe (CESI)
  3. Nordic Council of MinistersWomen benefit in the digitalised labour market
  4. Nordic Council of MinistersReport: The prevalence of men who use internet forums characterised by misogyny
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersJoin the Nordic climate debate on 17 November!
  6. UNESDAMaking healthier diets the easy choice

Latest News

  1. What do new CDU chief's pro-Russia views mean for Europe?
  2. Business as usual for EU and Russia, despite Navalny
  3. First look at EU's new '21st Century Bauhaus' project
  4. Turkey snubs Greece on migrant returnees
  5. Tackling frozen conflicts in the EU's own neighbourhood
  6. How one man and his dog made a mark on EU history
  7. Frontex spent €94,000 on a dinner in Warsaw
  8. EU's AI military strategy poses 'threat to Europeans'

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us