Tuesday

22nd Jan 2019

Deja vu: Bulgaria pipeline to face EU scrutiny

  • TurkStream 2 runs under the Black Sea to Turkey, replacing SouthStream (Photo: gazprom.ru)

Bulgaria is to face renewed EU scrutiny over a Russia gas pipeline, four years after its previous project failed.

The European Commission would "not support it" if the pipeline did not meet conditions, Maros Sefcovic, the commission vice-president, who is in charge of EU energy policy, has said.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Support quality EU news

Get instant access to all articles — and 18 year's of archives. 30 days free trial.

... or join as a group

  • NordStream 2 and TurkStream 2 to go around eastern Europe, including Ukraine (Photo: ec.europa.eu)

The commission would "react within its remits" if Bulgaria harmed EU energy security, he added in remarks to EUobserver on Tuesday (11 December).

Bulgaria's 484-km pipeline is to ship Russian gas to Europe by linking with Russia's new pipeline to Turkey, called Turk Stream 2.

Sefcovic's warning comes amid Russia's plan to also build a pipeline to Germany, called Nord Stream 2.

Its Germany and Turkey pipes go around countries such as Poland and Ukraine.

This makes the region, which used to be under Russia's boot, feel less safe by enabling Moscow to cut supplies there while keeping its gas flowing to western Europe.

And Russian revanchism is stoking those fears, amid military provocations in the Baltic Sea and Black Sea regions.

"Nord Stream 2 and an expanded Turkish Stream pipeline seek to deepen [EU] dependence [on Russia]," a US diplomat, Francis Fannon, said also on Tuesday.

"They are political tools ... and the Russian state uses energy for coercive political aims," he said.

Deja vu

Bulgaria's previous project, the more ambitious South Stream pipeline, was to ship gas directly from Russia via the Black Sea.

But Moscow abandoned it in 2014 when the EU commission said it violated single market laws.

Sofia, where MPs recently approved the Turk Stream 2-link project, has yet to give Sefcovic details of its new plan.

Its energy and foreign ministries also declined to speak to EUobserver.

If Bulgaria's link pipeline was to sell Russian gas to the EU in a new Balkan trading hub with other international gas, then it was "a welcomed development," Sefcovic said.

But if it simply "evacuated" Turk Stream 2 gas to EU states, such as Austria or Italy, then it was not.

"If it turns out the project is a simple transit pipeline, it cannot be part of the Balkan Gas Hub project and the commission will not support it," Sefcovic told this website.

"In such a scenario, Turk Stream 2 and its evacuation pipeline would clearly be in competition with other sources and routes of gas coming to the region," he said.

Balkan hub

The commission earlier financed a feasibility study into the Balkan Gas Hub idea.

The hub, in Varna, on Bulgaria's Black Sea coast, could trade gas from Turk Stream 2, as well as from EU-backed pipelines to Azerbaijan and Israel - the Southern Gas Corridor and EastMed.

It could also trade liquid gas from global markets, in what would create "more diversified, secure supply" for Europe, Sefcovic said.

"The commission could only support a scenario under which this [Turk Stream 2] gas is sold at the Balkan Gas Hub ... not simply transported via transit pipelines to western European hubs," he noted.

"Once it becomes clear how the [Turk Stream 2] evacuation will be organised, the commission will react within its remits," he said.

Sefcovic's remit

Bulgaria, the EU's poorest country, would get no European money for the €1.4bn link pipeline if it did not meet conditions, Sefcovic added.

It would also receive no EU "regulatory support".

"The commission does not see any difference between Turk Stream 2 and its transit evacuation pipelines or Nord Stream 2 and its Eugal onshore connection," Sefcovic said.

Eugal is a 480-km German pipeline to link Nord Stream 2 to central Europe, which failed to meet conditions for EU support.

The new Russian pipelines are to start supplies in 2020.

The commission has a quiver of energy and public procurement laws to fire at onshore EU links.

It has also tried to have its say on Nord Stream 2, but its legal remit on Russia's offshore pipelines is in doubt, amid sluggish talks on the subject in the EU Council, where member states meet.

US sanctions

For its part, the US has threatened fines against EU energy firms who backed Nord Stream 2.

It turned up the heat on that and Turk Stream 2 when Fannon, a US energy envoy, spoke to international media in a conference call on Tuesday.

"We've made quite clear where we stand on that," he said on the Nord Stream 2 sanctions threat.

"We oppose Nord Stream 2 and we would call on all parties to exit the project," he added.

"Given Russia's aggression in recent days, this is a good time to spotlight our diplomacy on transatlantic energy security," Fannon, who recently visited Croatia, the Czech Republic, and Hungary, said.

Russian aggression

He spoke after Russian warships fired on Ukrainian ones in an incident in the Black Sea area.

The Russian pipelines would see Ukraine lose most of its gas transit to the EU, costing it billions, and would lock out new suppliers, like Israel, from Europe in what was "just an order of math" on supply and demand, Fannon said.

"The US and Europe share Western values," but that kind of commerce was "just not consistent with those shared values," the American diplomat said.

US mauls Germany over Russia pipeline

US leader Donald Trump, backed by Poland, has begun the Nato summit with a tirade against Germany's plan to build a pipeline with Russia.

Interview

Turkish NBA star takes on Erdogan

Turkish NBA basketball star, Enes Kanter, gave up joining teammates in a London match over fears of Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan's reach into the EU.

News in Brief

  1. EU hits Mastercard with €570m fine
  2. Romanian minister prepares to cancel corruption cases
  3. Sefcovic: no gas supply problems this winter
  4. Report: Commission warning on passport-sale schemes
  5. France summons Italian ambassador over colonial remark
  6. May U-turn on fee for EU nationals in UK
  7. French data watchdog gives Google €50m fine
  8. EU hits Russians with sanctions over Salisbury attack

Analysis

China's 2019 growth outlook

As China's growth seems to be slowing, some observers see the country amid what the New York Times called a "severe downturn". As they mistake China's secular deceleration with cyclical fluctuations, they miss the rapid increase in Chinese living standards.

Opinion

The Azov crisis will backfire

Vladimir Putin's nightmare of Petro Poroshenko's re-election will be even certain as Ukrainians rally around the flag. Next March's election is not just to elect a new president but also a commander-in-chief to deal with five more years of Putin.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. International Partnership For Human RightsKyrgyz authorities have to immediately release human rights defender Azimjon Askarov
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersSeminar on disability and user involvement
  3. Nordic Council of MinistersInternational appetite for Nordic food policies
  4. Nordic Council of MinistersNew Nordic Innovation House in Hong Kong
  5. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic Region has chance to become world leader when it comes to start-ups
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersTheresa May: “We will not be turning our backs on the Nordic region”
  7. International Partnership for Human RightsOpen letter to Emmanuel Macron ahead of Uzbek president's visit
  8. International Partnership for Human RightsRaising key human rights concerns during visit of Turkmenistan's foreign minister
  9. Nordic Council of MinistersState of the Nordic Region presented in Brussels
  10. Nordic Council of MinistersThe vital bioeconomy. New issue of “Sustainable Growth the Nordic Way” out now
  11. Nordic Council of MinistersThe Nordic gender effect goes international
  12. Nordic Council of MinistersPaula Lehtomaki from Finland elected as the Council's first female Secretary General

Latest News

  1. May pushes defeated Brexit deal, offers no Plan B
  2. European Parliament targets 'fake' political groups
  3. What is fate of non-euro EU states after Brexit?
  4. Turkish NBA star takes on Erdogan
  5. 'Meme ban' still on table in EU copyright bill, says MEP
  6. Brexit power grab by MPs hangs over May's 'Plan B'
  7. Polish mayor's funeral marred by Tusk TV dispute
  8. Salvini and Kaczynski - the new 'axis' powers?

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic design sets the stage at COP24, running a competition for sustainable chairs
  2. Counter BalanceIn Kenya, a motorway funded by the European Investment Bank runs over roadside dwellers
  3. ACCACompany Law Package: Making the Best of Digital and Cross Border Mobility,
  4. International Partnership for Human RightsCivil Society Worried About Shortcomings in EU-Kyrgyzstan Human Rights Dialogue
  5. UNESDAThe European Soft Drinks Industry Supports over 1.7 Million Jobs
  6. Mission of China to the EUJointly Building Belt and Road Initiative Leads to a Better Future for All
  7. International Partnership for Human RightsCivil society asks PACE to appoint Rapporteur to probe issue of political prisoners in Azerbaijan
  8. ACCASocial Mobility – How Can We Increase Opportunities Through Training and Education?
  9. Nordic Council of MinistersEnergy Solutions for a Greener Tomorrow
  10. UNICEFWhat Kind of Europe Do Children Want? Unicef & Eurochild Launch Survey on the Europe Kids Want
  11. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic Countries Take a Stand for Climate-Smart Energy Solutions
  12. Mission of China to the EUChina: Work Together for a Better Globalisation

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us