Monday

27th May 2019

MEPs put 'Article 7' against Poland on launch pad

  • Commission vice-president Timmermans urged Poland to align the judicial reform with EU standards (Photo: European Parliament)

MEPs prepared on Wednesday (15 November) the first step towards a sanctions procedure against Poland over concerns regarding the nationalist government's clampdown on the independence of the judiciary and breach of fundamental EU values.

In a resolution adopted by 438 to 152 votes, with 71 abstentions, the lawmakers condemned the "serious violations" of the rule of law in the country and said that the so-called Article 7 procedure should be launched by member states.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Support quality EU news

Get instant access to all articles — and 18 year's of archives. 30 days free trial.

... or join as a group

Just like a similar resolution adopted earlier this year against Hungary, MEPs called on the Parliament's civil liberties committee to draw up a report on the situation in Poland, which would be the basis for a plenary vote later formally asking the Council to activate Article 7.

The sanctions procedure could end up with the suspension of Poland's voting rights in the council of the EU.

However that is unlikely to happen as the Hungarian government has already said it would block any such attempt.

Poland's prime minister Beata Szydlo called Wednesday's vote "outrageous" and said she would raise the issue with fellow EU leaders at an informal summit on Friday in Gothenburg.

The European Parliament's resolution urges the Polish authorities to implement fully all recommendations of the European Commission and the Venice Commission, a legal watchdog of the Council of Europe.

It also urges Warsaw to "refrain from conducting any reform which would put at risk respect for the rule of law, and in particular the independence of the judiciary", and asks for the postponement of the adoption of any laws until a proper assessment has been done.

MEPs also called for the government - run by the eurosceptic and socially conservative Law and Justice party (PiS) - to comply with all provisions relating to the rule of law and fundamental rights enshrined in the EU treaties.

Earlier in the day MEPs held a debate - for the fifth time - on the current situation in Poland, with rightwing Polish MEPs leaving the plenary in protest.

EU Commission vice-president Frans Timmermans outlined the executive's concerns over legislation that was adopted and proposed during the summer in Warsaw, which it says deepens the systematic threat to the rule of law in Poland.

Faced with mounting criticism, two of those bills were vetoed by Polish president Andrzej Duda, who himself hails from the PiS. In September Duda proposed his own versions of these bills.

Timmermans told MEPs that even the draft laws proposed by Duda were not acceptable.

"At this preliminary stage of our assessment, the Commission already notes that certain issues in these draft laws could raise serious concerns," he said.

He urged Warsaw to align the drafts with EU rules and standards on judicial independence.

"The legislative status of these two draft laws are a key test for the Polish authorities ... if there is respect for the rule of law and take full account of the Commission's concerns," Timmermans added.

The EU executive has its own probe against the Polish government to make sure EU rules are followed.

Timmermans urged the Polish authorities to engage in a dialogue with the Commission.

"The EU cannot function if member states start saying we pick and chose which rules are applicable to us," he added.

"The independent judiciary is essential in the rule of law, you cannot use the majority to ignore the law, you cannot use democracy against the rule of law," Timmermans said.

Angry walk out

MEP Ryszard Antoni Legutko from the ruling PiS party accused the Commission of using double standards and being on a political hunt against the Polish government.

"These are colonial habits, ... eastern Europe has now found its way, and is not going to ask for permission each time," he told fellow MEPs, claiming that "what is being said in the German media about Poland is an anti-Polish orgy". Legutko then walked out of the plenary debate.

Janusz Lewandowski, MEP from the largest Polish opposition party, Civic Platform, said that what is happening in Poland is an "abuse of power" by the government.

Article 7 not mentioned in Poland probe update

While Polish president Andrzej Duda proposes amendments to further increase political control over the judiciary, EU ministers voice support for the rule of law, but make no mention of the Article 7 sanctions.

Hungary and Poland defy EU authority

Hungary and Poland have said they "don't want a mixed population", amid a tug-of-war with the Commission on migrants and rule of law.

News in Brief

  1. Russia-critical banker elected president of Lithuania
  2. Timmermans calls for 'progressive alliance'
  3. Catalonia's Puigdemont wins MEP seat
  4. Weber opens door to alliance with greens and liberals
  5. Tsipras calls snap Greek election after EP defeat
  6. Polish ruling PiS takes lion's share of EU vote
  7. Romanian voters punish ruling PSD party
  8. First official EP projection: EPP remain top, Greens fourth

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Vote for the EU Sutainable Energy AwardsCast your vote for your favourite EUSEW Award finalist. You choose the winner of 2019 Citizen’s Award.
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersEducation gets refugees into work
  3. Counter BalanceSign the petition to help reform the EU’s Bank
  4. UNICEFChild rights organisations encourage candidates for EU elections to become Child Rights Champions
  5. UNESDAUNESDA Outlines 2019-2024 Aspirations: Sustainability, Responsibility, Competitiveness
  6. Counter BalanceRecord citizens’ input to EU bank’s consultation calls on EIB to abandon fossil fuels
  7. International Partnership for Human RightsAnnual EU-Turkmenistan Human Rights Dialogue takes place in Ashgabat
  8. Nordic Council of MinistersNew campaign: spot, capture and share Traces of North
  9. Nordic Council of MinistersLeading Nordic candidates go head-to-head in EU election debate
  10. Nordic Council of MinistersNew Secretary General: Nordic co-operation must benefit everybody
  11. Platform for Peace and JusticeMEP Kati Piri: “Our red line on Turkey has been crossed”
  12. UNICEF2018 deadliest year yet for children in Syria as war enters 9th year

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic commitment to driving global gender equality
  2. International Partnership for Human RightsMeet your defender: Rasul Jafarov leading human rights defender from Azerbaijan
  3. UNICEFUNICEF Hosts MEPs in Jordan Ahead of Brussels Conference on the Future of Syria
  4. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic talks on parental leave at the UN
  5. International Partnership for Human RightsTrial of Chechen prisoner of conscience and human rights activist Oyub Titiev continues.
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic food policy inspires India to be a sustainable superpower
  7. Nordic Council of MinistersMilestone for Nordic-Baltic e-ID
  8. Counter BalanceEU bank urged to free itself from fossil fuels and take climate leadership
  9. Intercultural Dialogue PlatformRoundtable: Muslim Heresy and the Politics of Human Rights, Dr. Matthew J. Nelson
  10. Platform for Peace and JusticeTurkey suffering from the lack of the rule of law
  11. UNESDASoft Drinks Europe welcomes Tim Brett as its new president
  12. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic ministers take the lead in combatting climate change

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us