9th Dec 2022

Russia's law to uncreate Lithuania: laugh or cry?

  • Vilnius: Lithuanian defence minister made fun of Russian bill on social media (Photo: jbdodane)
Listen to article

Legal insanity that's causing security worries not just for Lithuania but for wider Europe — that's how Lithuanians see a Russian initiative to un-recognise their independence.

The move was floated in the Russian Duma on 8 June in a bill saying the USSR's recognition of Lithuania's sovereignty on 7 September 1991 was null and void because it went against the Soviet constitution.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Become an expert on Europe

Get instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives. 14-day free trial.

... or subscribe as a group

"We are the successors of the USSR. We have the right to annul the decisions of the Soviet Union which are essential for us here and now," Yevgeny Fyodorov, the Russian MP who tabled the bill, told Russian daily Komsomolskaya pravda at the time.

De-recognition would also give Lithuania legal grounds for exiting Nato, Fyodorov added.

It's not the first time Russian politicians have tried to correct the history of the Baltic States.

And for their part, Lithuanian defence minister Arvydas Anušauskas and Lithuanian MP Matas Maldeikis mocked Fyodorov's initiative.

Kyiv City Council had already revoked Moscow's foundation in 1147 anyway, Anušauskas joked on Twitter. If Russia de-recognised Lithuania, Vilnius would revoke the 1634 Treaty of Polyanovka and take back lands from Russia, Maldeikis said.

"It's the hardest thing to argue with foolishness," Dainius Žalimas, a legal scholar and former president of the Lithuanian Constitutional Court, also told EUobserver.

"It's schizophrenia. It's the same as if Serbia suddenly came up with the idea of withdrawing recognition from Montenegro or, let's say, Croatia, because from their point of view Yugoslavia broke up illegally," he said.

"This is aggressive revisionism, which has no legal basis whatsoever. Recognition is irrevocable," Žalimas said.

The main goal of the Russian initiative was a propaganda attack to "publicly belittle" Lithuania by questioning its right to exist, Valentinas Beržiūnas, a professor at the Vilnius University Institute of International Relations and Political Science, also said.

For Grigory Amnuel, a Russian exile in Poland who worked for 12 years in the Duma, Fyodorov, the Russian MP, is a known provocateur.

"This bill should not pass the legal scrutiny to be carried out by the legal department of the Duma. And if there is any real lawyer left [in the Russian parliament] this initiative will end up in the dustbin," Amnuel said.

Fyodorov expects the Duma to vote on his proposal in the autumn session.

But if it fell by the wayside, the Kremlin could easily wash its hands of it, even though he hails from Russia's president Vladimir Putin's United Russia party.

"Fyodorov's relationship with the Russian presidential administration is characterised by the concept of the 'obedient sewer pipe'. Such relations always make it possible to say that the administration has nothing to do with this," said Amnuel.

But for all that, the wartime environment means the bill is enough to set nerves jangling, the experts said.

Lithuania, a staunch supporter of Ukraine, has already been taking fire from Russian information attacks and Fyodorov has said that if Estonia and Latvia "do not restore their good relations" with Russia, then it ought to de-recognise them too.

"Of course, in modern Russia the decision on non-existency of Lithuanian independence cannot be ruled out," Amnuel said.

It would lead to a break-off in diplomatic relations and pose a threat of military confrontation, he added. "It would mean that Russia is officially declaring war against Lithuania. I could not call it anything other than war," he said.

What seemed like just more preposterous Russian propaganda ahead of its invasion of Ukraine on 24 February also foreshadowed genuine aggression, Beržiūnas said.

"I'm not saying we need to react to everything in public, sometimes even hysterically, but at least we should follow [what is being said in Moscow]," he said.

"Remember, many heard talk about the 'non-existent state of Ukraine', the 'liberation of the Donbas' and so on. What do we see today? Practical realisation of these talks. And that's really worrying," he said.

Author bio

Evaldas Labanauskas is a Lithuanian journalist based in Brussels.

EU parliament revokes Russian lobbyist badges

After months of stalled negotiations to remove Russian lobbyists from the EU's joint-transparency register, the European Parliament has decided to go solo and unilaterally bar them from its premises.


No, Bosnia and Herzegovina is not ready for the EU

The European Commission has asked the member states' leaders assembling in Brussels next week for the customary end-of-year European Council to approve EU candidate status for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Doing so would be a mistake.

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersLarge Nordic youth delegation at COP15 biodiversity summit in Montreal
  2. Nordic Council of MinistersCOP27: Food systems transformation for climate action
  3. Nordic Council of MinistersThe Nordic Region and the African Union urge the COP27 to talk about gender equality
  4. International Sustainable Finance CentreJoin CEE Sustainable Finance Summit, 15 – 19 May 2023, high-level event for finance & business
  5. Friedrich Naumann Foundation European DialogueGender x Geopolitics: Shaping an Inclusive Foreign Security Policy for Europe
  6. Obama FoundationThe Obama Foundation Opens Applications for its Leaders Program in Europe

Latest News

  1. EU lets Croatia into Schengen, keeps Bulgaria and Romania out
  2. Energy crisis costs thousands of EU jobs, but industrial output stable
  3. Illegal pushbacks happening daily in Croatia, says NGO
  4. No, Bosnia and Herzegovina is not ready for the EU
  5. EU takes legal action against China over Lithuania
  6. EU Commission shoring up children's rights of same-sex parents
  7. The military-industrial complex cashing-in on the Ukraine war
  8. EU delays Hungary funds decision, as Budapest vetoes Ukraine aid

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. EFBWW – EFBH – FETBBA lot more needs to be done to better protect construction workers from asbestos
  2. European Committee of the RegionsRe-Watch EURegions Week 2022
  3. UNESDA - Soft Drinks EuropeCall for EU action – SMEs in the beverage industry call for fairer access to recycled material
  4. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic prime ministers: “We will deepen co-operation on defence”
  5. EFBWW – EFBH – FETBBConstruction workers can check wages and working conditions in 36 countries
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic and Canadian ministers join forces to combat harmful content online

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us