France's Le Pen takes aim at EU in presidential bid launch
By Eszter Zalan
Far-right National Front leader Marine Le Pen promised to take France out of the EU and Nato as she kicked off her presidential campaign in Lyon over the weekend.
Le Pen told supporters on Sunday (5 February) she would give France its freedom back, and said: "Financial globalisation and Islamist globalisation are helping each other out. Those two ideologies aim to bring France to its knees."
Dear EUobserver reader
Subscribe now for unrestricted access to EUobserver.
Sign up for 30 days' free trial, no obligation. Full subscription only 15 € / month or 150 € / year.
- Unlimited access on desktop and mobile
- All premium articles, analysis, commentary and investigations
- EUobserver archives
EUobserver is the only independent news media covering EU affairs in Brussels and all 28 member states.
♡ We value your support.
If you already have an account click here to login.
In a manifesto published at the beginning of the two-day rally Le Pen listed 144 "commitments" to France.
She promised to leave the eurozone and the integrated command structure on Nato.
Le Pen also vowed to hold a referendum on EU membership unless European partners agree to roll back integration to a loose coalition of nation states with neither a single currency nor a border-free area.
She also pledged to put taxes on imports and on job contracts of foreigners, lower income tax and the retirement age.
The manifesto called for certain rights, like free education and social housing, to be reserved to French citizens, and promised 15,000 more police and to expel irregular immigrants.
“What is at stake in this election is the continuity of France as a free nation, our existence as a people,” Le Pen told her supporters.
In a trademark policy she also lashed out at what she called Islamic fundamentalism. She told her supporters it was a "yoke" France could no longer live under, saying no dignified French person could accept veils, mosques and street prayers.
Le Pen hopes to cash in on the populist political momentum and to score on Trump-like upset win in May.
The 48-year-old daughter of National Front founder Jean-Marie Le Pen is likely to win the most votes the first round of the presidential race on 23 April, according to opinion polls.
But the polls suggest she will lose to a mainstream candidate in the 7 May run-off.
The race has been thrown into turmoil since centre-right candidate Francois Fillon became embroiled in a scandal over money paid to his relatives for tasks they never performed. He denies any wrongdoing.
Some members of The Republicans have called for him to quit the race, but there is no new candidate and it is unclear how the conservatives could select one, since they have already held their primary.
Fillon had promised deregulation and called for a dialogue with Russia, arguing that sanctions against Moscow are "pointless".
Macron hits back
Centrist former economy minister Emmanuel Macron has surged in the polls amid Fillon's travails and the decision of the Socialists to field a hard-left candidate.
Macron, whose party is called En Marche (On The Move), also held a rally in Lyon on Saturday promising to unite a divided France.
He took on Le Pen's divisive and anti-establishment rhetoric, saying the far-right leader does not speak in the name of the people, and betrays France's core ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity.
"Some today pretend to be talking in the name of the people, but they are just ventriloquists," he said.
"They betray liberty by shrinking our horizons, they betray equality by stating that some are more equal than others, they betray fraternity because they hate faces that don’t look like theirs," Macron told a cheering crown.
However, he has been vague on specific policies and has yet to publish a campaign manifesto.
On Sunday, he said he aimed to revive France’s economy through innovation, more funding for education, cutting bureaucracy and relaxing labour laws.
He also pledged to raise France's defence spending to 2 percent of GDP and put more police on the streets.
Macron had earlier spoken out against closing borders in Europe, advocated for a closer alliance with Germany, a stronger economic and monetary union to stand up against the dollar, and for a new EU road map to specify priorities.
National Front party officials called the former investment banker the candidate of "international capitalism" at the FN rally.