Thursday

20th Sep 2018

Russia 'pouring' arms into Ukraine

  • Breedlove: 'The West should consider all of our tools and apply them' (Photo: German Marshall Fund)

Two days after EU leaders tied Russia sanctions to respect of a ceasefire accord, Nato and the US say Russia is still “pouring” arms into Ukraine.

The allegations were made by Philip Breedlove, a US general who is Nato’s military commander, and Victoria Nuland, the US State Department’s top diplomat on Ukraine, at the Brussels Forum, an annual symposium held over the weekend.

Read and decide

Join EUobserver today

Support quality EU news

Get instant access to all articles — and 18 year's of archives. 30 days free trial.

... or join as a group

“We continue to see disturbing elements of air defence, command and control, resupply and equipment coming across a completely porous border”, Breedlove told the Brussels event.

Nuland said: “We have seen, month on month, more lethal weaponry of a higher calibre, of more sophistication, poured into Ukraine … the number one thing is for Russia to stop sending arms over the border so that we can have real politics, have a real ceasefire”.

The so-called Minsk ceasefire pact, agreed by the EU with Russia last month, stipulates a “pullout of all foreign armed formations, military equipment” and restoring “full control” to Ukraine of its border with Russia.

EU leaders at a summit last Thursday (19 March) decided to keep economic sanctions on Russia in place until the Minsk deal is implemented.

But they opted to legally extend the measures, which expire in July, closer to the expiration date in order to encourage Russia to fall in line.

For her part, EU foreign relations chief Federica Mogherini, who took part in the same Brussels Forum panel as Nuland, spoke in more Russia-friendly tones.

“The situation is much, much better than it used to be, not perfect yet. So you don’t have a white or black picture, you have a situation that is much better than before the meeting in Minsk … even if with some violations”, she said.

She noted that joint EU-Russia-Ukraine talks on gas and trade are “steps in the right direction”.

She also repeated the EU line that “there [is] no military means to face the crisis in Ukraine”.

Breedlove and Nuland did not rule out supply of weapons to the Ukraine military, however

“I do not think that any tool of the US or any other power should necessarily be off the table”, Breedlove said.

“We see diplomatic tools being used, informational tools being used, military tools being used, economic tools being used against Ukraine and so we in the West should consider all of our tools and apply them”.

Nuland noted: “the question becomes, if you are facing a T-90 tank with a T-72 tank, ought you to have anti-tank weapons to at least level the playing field? If you are facing Smerch artillery which can go 20 kilometres with your own local artillery, should you have some capability against that? That's the argument in favour. The argument opposed is that clearly this would constitute an escalation on the battlefield”.

“This is the [US] president's decision to make … if in fact we see a resurgence of aggression and violence that'll change the calculation”.

The Mogherini and Nuland panel at Brussels Forum also included Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg and Konstantin Kosachev, a Russian MP.

Kosachev claimed there are no Russian forces in Ukraine, but was contradicted by Stoltenberg, who noted that Russia itself admitted to using special forces to invade Crimea.

Kosachev prompted laughter when he asked the Nato chief: “Are you going to bomb a country which is supposed to be behind a cyber attack against a Nato member state? Are you going to bomb it? Are you going to … to start a cyber attack against this country?”.

With Russia believed to be behind a cyber attack on Estonia, a Nato member, in 2009, Nuland interjected: “Is this a planning question, Konstantin? … I think it was. Yeah. Yeah!”.

Denmark

Russia over the weekend also caused alarm by saying it will point nuclear weapons at Danish ships if Denmark hosts parts of a Nato anti-missile system.

“If that happens, Danish warships will be targets for Russian nuclear missiles”, Russia’s ambassador to Denmark, Mikhail Vanin, told Danish daily Jyllands-Posten.

A spokeswoman for Nato, which says the shield is purely defensive, said Vanin’s remarks “do not inspire confidence or contribute to predictability, peace or stability”.

Breedlove noted at the Brussels Forum, that: “Romania came under great pressure when they became a part of the [missile shield]. Poland is coming under great pressure, and now anyone else who wants to join in to this defensive capability will come under this diplomatic and political pressure”.

France to sell Mistral warships to EU

France is to supply its Mistral warships to the EU foreign service instead of Russia in order to forge a “genuine European defence policy”.

News in Brief

  1. EU-Arab League summit proposed for February in Egypt
  2. Stop 'migration blame-game', Tusk tells EU leaders
  3. McDonald's Luxembourg tax deal 'compatible' with EU rules
  4. Danish bank CEO resigns in Russia scandal
  5. Germany seeks to join EU's eastern energy club
  6. UK universities top EU in Chinese ranking
  7. Poland seeks 'Fort Trump' US military base
  8. EU stops Irish case after Apple pays €13bn

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. NORDIC COUNCIL OF MINISTERSThe Nordic gender effect goes international
  2. NORDIC COUNCIL OF MINISTERSPaula Lehtomaki from Finland elected as the Council's first female Secretary General
  3. NORDIC COUNCIL OF MINISTERSNordic design sets the stage at COP24, running a competition for sustainable chairs.
  4. Counter BalanceIn Kenya, a motorway funded by the European Investment Bank runs over roadside dwellers
  5. ACCACompany Law Package: Making the Best of Digital and Cross Border Mobility,
  6. IPHRCivil Society Worried About Shortcomings in EU-Kyrgyzstan Human Rights Dialogue
  7. UNESDAThe European Soft Drinks Industry Supports over 1.7 Million Jobs
  8. Mission of China to the EUJointly Building Belt and Road Initiative Leads to a Better Future for All
  9. IPHRCivil society asks PACE to appoint Rapporteur to probe issue of political prisoners in Azerbaijan
  10. ACCASocial Mobility – How Can We Increase Opportunities Through Training and Education?
  11. Nordic Council of MinistersEnergy Solutions for a Greener Tomorrow
  12. UNICEFWhat Kind of Europe Do Children Want? Unicef & Eurochild Launch Survey on the Europe Kids Want

Stakeholders' Highlights

  1. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic Countries Take a Stand for Climate-Smart Energy Solutions
  2. Mission of China to the EUChina: Work Together for a Better Globalisation
  3. Nordic Council of MinistersNordics Could Be First Carbon-Negative Region in World
  4. European Federation of Allergy and AirwaysLife Is Possible for Patients with Severe Asthma
  5. PKEE - Polish Energy AssociationCommon-Sense Approach Needed for EU Energy Reform
  6. Nordic Council of MinistersNordic Region to Lead in Developing and Rolling Out 5G Network
  7. Mission of China to the EUChina-EU Economic and Trade Relations Enjoy a Bright Future
  8. ACCAEmpowering Businesses to Engage with Sustainable Finance and the SDGs
  9. Nordic Council of MinistersCooperation in Nordic Electricity Market Considered World Class Model
  10. FIFAGreen Stadiums at the 2018 Fifa World Cup
  11. Mission of China to the EUChina and EU Work Together to Promote Sustainable Development
  12. Counter BalanceEuropean Ombudsman Requests More Lending Transparency from European Investment Bank

Join EUobserver

Support quality EU news

Join us